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The Influence of Hypercapnia and Hypoxia on Intracranial Pressure and on CSF Electrolyte Concentrations

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Part of the Advances in Neurosurgery book series (NEURO,volume 1)

Abstract

Hypercapnia has been shown to increase intracranial pressure (ICP) by augmentation of cerebral blood volume. Hypoxia also increases ICP, the mechanisms by which this pressure increase occurs being at least twofold: vasodilatation and cerebral edema. However, it is as yet unknown whether slight and shortlasting hypoxia may also disturb cerebral electrolyte transport mechanisms, thus causing cerebral edema, and whether such disturbances may be reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) electrolyte concentrations.

Keywords

  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Cerebral Blood Volume
  • Perfusion Fluid
  • Physiological Salt Solution

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 1973 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Marx, P., Weinert, G., Pfiester, P., Kuhn, H. (1973). The Influence of Hypercapnia and Hypoxia on Intracranial Pressure and on CSF Electrolyte Concentrations. In: Schürmann, K., Brock, M., Reulen, HJ., Voth, D. (eds) Brain Edema / Cerebello Pontine Angle Tumors. Advances in Neurosurgery, vol 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65734-4_26

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65734-4_26

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-06486-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-65734-4

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