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The Oceanography, Ecology, Sedimentology and Geomorphology of Parts of the Trucial Coast Barrier Island Complex, Persian Gulf

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The Persian Gulf

Abstract

The coastal barrier and related lagoonal and intertidal flat systems in NE Abu Dhabi are composed of relatively pure carbonate sediments. Although this complex includes a great variety of micro-environments and sediment types, these may be grouped into seven principal units: nearshore shelf, frontal reef, tidal deltas, frontal (barrier) beaches and dunes, lagoonal channels, lagoonal terraces, and intertidal flats. The principal faunal and floral components of each unit are discussed and listed in distribution tables, careful distinction being made between living and dead assemblages.

The character and sedimentary composition of this coastal complex has evolved mainly as the consequence of rapid carbonate production and onshore transport of these sediments. Cementation in the shallow subtidal and intertidal environments has produced extensive, diachronous crusts of Holocene limestone, while the hot, arid climate has stimulated the formation of dolomite and other evaporite minerals within the coastal sabkha. Most of these sedimentary and diagenetic features would permit the recognition of similar environments in ancient rocks.

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© 1973 Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg

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Evans, G., Murray, J.W., Biggs, H.E.J., Bate, R., Bush, P.R. (1973). The Oceanography, Ecology, Sedimentology and Geomorphology of Parts of the Trucial Coast Barrier Island Complex, Persian Gulf. In: Purser, B.H. (eds) The Persian Gulf. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65545-6_14

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-65545-6_14

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-65547-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-65545-6

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

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