Citrus Water Requirement Experiments Conducted in Israel during the 1960’s

  • E. Shmueli
  • H. Bielorai
  • J. Heller
  • A. Mantell
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 4)


Citrus is the largest agricultural production and export crop in Israel. In 1965, it represented about 17% of total production and about 80% of total export. The area planted with citrus was then approximately 45,200 ha, and water consumption was 323.1 million m3, representing about one-third of the total water allocation to agriculture.


Water Application Irrigation Efficiency Irrigation Season Sour Orange Supplementary Trial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bielorai, H., Levy, I.: Irrigation regimes in a semi-arid area and their effects on grapefruit yield, water use and soil salinity. Israel J. Agr. Res. 21 (1), 3–12 (1971).Google Scholar
  2. Furr, J. R.: Responses of citrus and dates to variations in soilwater conditions at different seasons. Int. Hort. Congr., 14th Symp. (Netherlands) 10,400–412 (1955).Google Scholar
  3. Hilgeman, R. H., Sharp, F. O.: Response of Valencia orange trees to four soil water schedules during 20 years. Proc. Am. Soc. hort. Sci. 95, 739–745 (1970).Google Scholar
  4. Heller, J., Shalhevet, J., Goell, A.: Response of a citrus orchard to soil moisture and salinity. This volume, p. 409–419.Google Scholar
  5. Jensen, M. E., Swarner, L. R., Phelan, J. T.: Improving irrigation efficiencies. In: Irrigation of agricultural lands. Ed. R. M. Hagan, et al., Amer. Soc. Agron. Madison, Wisconsin: Mono II, 1120–1142,(1967).Google Scholar
  6. Koo, R. C. J.: Evapotranspiration and soil moisture determination as guides to citrus irrigation. Proc. 1st Int. Citrus Symp. 3,1725–1729 (1969).Google Scholar
  7. Oppenheimer, H. R.: Water requirement and irrigation of citrus groves. Proc. 13th Int. Hort. Congr. 2, 1267–1280 (1952).Google Scholar
  8. Shmueli, E.: The contribution of research to the efficient use of water in Israel agriculture. Z. f. Be-wässerungswirtschaft 6, 38–58 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. Shmueli, E.: A general survey of citrus irrigation research in Israel during the 1960s. Spec. Publ. Volcani Inst. Agric. Res., Bet Dagan. No. 4. (Hebrew with English summary), 1971.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Shmueli
  • H. Bielorai
  • J. Heller
  • A. Mantell

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations