Neurophysiological Aspects of Mental Phenomena and Some New Trends in Therapy of Brain Disorders

With 10 Figures
  • N. P. Bechtereva
Conference paper


Attempts to discover the essence of the connection of the human brain with its higher functions are known to have begun already in ancient times. The logical conclusions of that period, however, were not even the “prehistory” of the problem. The premise for the idea of the physiologieal study of the mental processes in man was the consideration of these phenomena by Sechenov and the Pavlovian period of analysis of the pathology of the higher nervous activity in man based on the data obtained from the conditioning experiments with animals. The clinical-physiological studies of the 19th–20th centuries started to gather facts on the connection between various human brain areas and mental phenomena (Korsakov, S. S., 1890; Bechterew, W. M., 1900; Foerster and Gagel, 1933; Alpers, 1937; and many others).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adey, W. R.: In: Sovremennye problemy elektrofiziologii tsentralnoi nervnoi sistemy. M. Nauka 324–340 (1967).Google Scholar
  2. Ajmonmarsan, G.: Epilepsia 2, 22–38 (1961).Google Scholar
  3. Albe-Fessard, D .: 6th Intern. Congr. Electroenceph. clin. Clin. Neurophysiol. Vienna 14 (1965).Google Scholar
  4. Alekseev, M. D., Dobronravova, I. S.: In: Bioelektridieskoe Upravlenie. Tchelovek I Avtomatidieskie Sistemy. M. Nauka 241–251 (1970).Google Scholar
  5. Alpers, H. J.: Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 38, 291–303 (1937).Google Scholar
  6. Anitchkov, A. D.: In: Znachenie mediatorov v regulatsii fiziologitdieskikh funktsii. A. F. Samoilov’s Symposium, Kazan 12–13 (1967).Google Scholar
  7. Anitchkov, A. D.: In: Fiziologia i Patologia Limbiko-retikuliarnogo Kompleksa. Sei. Confer. Moscow 1968.Google Scholar
  8. Anokhin, P. K.: Biologia i Neirofiziologia Uslovnogo Refleksa. Moscow, Nauka 1968.Google Scholar
  9. Baumgartner, G.: Neurophysiologie und Psydiophysik des visuellen Systems (Symp.) 296 (1961).Google Scholar
  10. Beliaev, V. V.: Interrelations between electric processes of some human cerebral struetures (correlation analysis data). Avtoreferat kand. diss. L. 1968. Bechtereva, N. P.: Fiziol. zh. SSSR 41, 2, 187–194 (1955).Google Scholar
  11. Anitchkov, A. D.: In: Globukie Struktury Mozga Tcheloveka v norme i patologii. M.-L. Nauka 18–21 (1966).Google Scholar
  12. Anitchkov, A. D., Bondartchuk, A. N.: Vopr. Neirokhir. 3, 39–44 (1968).Google Scholar
  13. Smirnov, V. M.: Vopr. Neirokhir. 1, 1–7 (1969).Google Scholar
  14. Trohatchev, A. I.: Fiziologia i Patologia Globukikh Struktur Mozga Tcheloveka. L. Medizina 1967.Google Scholar
  15. Trohatchev, A. I., Gretchin, V. B.: Intern. Rev. Neurobiol. N. Y. 11, 329–351 (1968).Google Scholar
  16. Bechterew, W. M.: Neurol. Zbl. 19, 990–991 (1900).Google Scholar
  17. Bickford, R. G., Dodge, H. W., Jacobsen, C. W., Petersen, M. C.: Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 28, 6, 175–180 (1953).Google Scholar
  18. Brazier, M. A. B., Barlow, I. S.: Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 8, 2, 325–331 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Bundzen, P. V., Menitsky, D. N.: In: Metody Sbora i Analiza Fiziologicheskoi Informatsii. M. Nauka 233 (1969).Google Scholar
  20. Creutzfeldt, O .: Quot: C. R. Evans and T. B. Mulholland. Science 163, 3866, 495–496 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Durup, G., Fessard, A.: Ann. Psydiol. 36, 1–35 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Foerster, O., Gagel, O.: Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat. 149, 312–344 (1933).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gastaut, A ., et al.: Zh. vyssh. nerv, deyat. Pavlova 7, 2, 185–202 (1957).Google Scholar
  24. Gastaut, A ., et al.: Zh. vyssh. nerv, deyat. Pavlova 7, 1, 25–38 (1957).Google Scholar
  25. Gershuni, G. v., Korotkin, I.I.: Dokl. AN SSSR. 57, 417–430 (1947).Google Scholar
  26. Genkin, A. A.: Duration of ascending and descending EEG phases as a source of information on neurophysiological processes. Avtoreferat kand. diss. L. 1964.Google Scholar
  27. Genkin, A. A., Trohatchev, A. I.: On relation between durations of ascending and descending EEG phases in debils with preserved alpha-rhythm. In: XX Soveshshanie po Problemam Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti, L. 1963.Google Scholar
  28. Gretchin, V. B., Smirnov, V. M.: Elektrofiziologitcheskie issledovaniya pri nervnykh i psikhitcheskikh zabolevaniyakh. Trudy Inst. im. V. M. Bechterewa 44, 42–54 (1967).Google Scholar
  29. Grindel, O. M.: Znatchenie korreliatsionnogo analisa dlia otsenki EEG tcheloveka. Moscow: 1965.Google Scholar
  30. Heath, R. G., Peacock, S. M., Jr., Monroe, R. R., Miller, W. H., Jr.: In: Studies in Sdiizophrenia, Addendum E, 573–608 (1954).Google Scholar
  31. Jasper, H. H.: IBRO Bull. III, 3, 80 (1964).Google Scholar
  32. Jasper, H. H., Shagass, G.: J. exp. Psychol. 26, 373–388 (1943).Google Scholar
  33. John, E. R.: Medianisms of memory. London: Acad. Press, N. Y. 1967.Google Scholar
  34. Jung, R. U., Baumgartner, A.: Arch. Psydiiat. Nervenkr. 195, 201 (1950).Google Scholar
  35. Jus, F., Jus, K.: 2h. nevropat. i psykhiat. 54, 9, 715–721 (1954).Google Scholar
  36. Kambarova, D. K.: In: Mekhanizmy nervnoi deyatelnosti. L. Nauka 56–66 (1969).Google Scholar
  37. Knott, I. R.: J. exp. Psychol. 24, 384–405 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kolmogorov, A. I.: In: Vozmozhnoe i nevozmozhnoe v kibernetike. M. 10–29 (1969).Google Scholar
  39. Kratin, Yu. G .: Fiziol. Zh. SSSR 41, 5, 676–683 (1955).Google Scholar
  40. Lansing, R. W.: Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 9, 3, 497 — 504 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Livanov, M. N.: Konfer. po vopr. elektrofiziol. tsentraln. nerv. sist. 8–11 May. L. 77 (1957).Google Scholar
  42. Livanov, M. N.: In: Elektroencefalografich. issled. v. n. d. M. AN SSSR 174–185 (1962).Google Scholar
  43. Livanov, M. N.: In: Problemy sovremennoi neirofiziologii. M.-L. Nauka 37–72 (1965).Google Scholar
  44. Livanov, M. N.: Gavrilova, N. A., Aslanov, A. S.: Int. Congr. Psychol. 1966, XVIII, Symp. 6. M. 31.Google Scholar
  45. Loomis, A. L., Harvey, E. N., Hobart, G. V.: Science 81, 597–598 (1935).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Loomis, A. L., Harvey, E. N., Hobart, G. V.: Science 82, 198–200 (1935).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Loomis, A. L., Harvey, E. N., Hobart, G. V.: Science 83, 239–241 (1936).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Loomis, A. L., J. exp. Psychol. 21, 127–144 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Luria, A. R.: Vysshie korkovye funktsii tdieloveka i ikh narushenie pri lokalnykh porazheniiakh mozga. M. Izd. Mosk. Univ. 1962.Google Scholar
  50. Maiortchik, V. E., Rusinov, B. S., Kuznetsova, G. D.: In: K fiziologitcheskomu obosnovaniyu neirokhirurgitcheskikh operatsii. M. AMN SSSR 48–59 (1954).Google Scholar
  51. Maiortchik, V. E., Spirin, B. T.: Vopr. neirokhir. 3, 3–11 (1951).Google Scholar
  52. Novikova, L. A., Sokolov, E. N.: 2h. v. n. d. 7, 3, 363–379 (1957).Google Scholar
  53. Olds, J., Milner, P.: J. comp, physiol. Psychol. 47, 419–427 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Olds, J., In: Brain Physiology and Psychology. Ed.: C. R. Evans and A. D. J. Robertson, London: Butterworths 51–64 (1966).Google Scholar
  55. Penfield, W.: In: Ciba Foundation Symp. on the Neurol. Basis of Behavior. Ed.: G. E. W. Wolstenholme and C. M. O’Connor, London: J. and A. Churchill Ltd. 149–174 (1958).Google Scholar
  56. Sem-Jacobsen, C. W.: Acta neural, scand. 41, Suppl. 13, 365–377 (1965).Google Scholar
  57. Sem-Jacobsen, C. W.: Depth Electrographic Studies of the Human Brain and Behavior. C. C Thomas, Springfield (III.) 1968.Google Scholar
  58. Sem-Jacobsen, C. W., Bickford, R. G., Dodge, H. W., Petersen, M. C.: Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 28, 166–170 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Sem-Jacobsen, C. W., Petersen, M. C., Dodge, H. W., Lozarte, J. A., Holman, C. B.: Electroenceph. clin. Neurophysiol. 8, 2, 263–278 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Smirnov, V. M.: In: Problemy lokalizatsii v psikhonevrologii. Trudy Inst. im. W. M. Bediterewa 53, 22–48 (1967).Google Scholar
  61. Smirnov, V. M.: Vestnik AMN SSSR 1, 35–42 (1970).Google Scholar
  62. Sokolov, E. N.: In: Osnovnye vopr. elektrofiziol. c. n. s. Kiev, AN USSR, 157 (1962).Google Scholar
  63. Stevens, Ch. F.: In: Proc. IEEE 56, 6, 916–930 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Tchernysheva, V. A .: Fiziol. 2h. SSSR, Leningrad 2 (1971).Google Scholar
  65. Vavilov, S. I.: Solntse i glaz. M. AN SSSR (1950).Google Scholar
  66. Walter, W. G.: Arch. Psydiiat. Nervenkr. 206, 309 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Walter, W. G., Crow, H. J.: 5th Intern. Congr. EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. Excerpta med. 34, 64–65 (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. P. Bechtereva

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations