The ovum is fertilized in the oviduct, and during the first days of pregnancy the oviduct is the physiological home of the early embryo. Also, remarkably enough, the oviduct is capable of trans-porting the male and female germ cells in opposite directions at practically the same time. It is only in the last few years that we have come to recognise clearly the complex function of this organ in instituting and regulating the earliest phases of pregnancy and, as a result of this knowledge, we are now in a better position to explain the causes of certain cases of sterility and infertility in women, and also to understand some peripheral mechanisms of action of hormonal contraceptives.


Fallopian Tube Corpus Luteum Ciliated Cell Tubal Lumen Ciliary Activity 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Koester
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitäts-FrauenklinikGießenGermany

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