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Abstract

The glycosides are a large and remarkably varied group of plant products which occur universally in the higher plants and have also been found in some lower forms. On hydrolysis by acid, or a specific hydrolytic enzyme(β-glycosidase) these substances yield a saccharide, the glycone, and in most cases a hydroxyl product, or, in the case of the mustard oil glycosides, an isothiocyanate, the aglycone. In many cases the glycone is β-d-glucose or a saccharide containing β-d-glucose such as gentiobiose 6-glucose-β-d-glucopyranoside, which is the glycone of the cyanogenetic glycoside amygdalin, and primverose, 6-d-glucose-β-d-xyloside, which is the glycone of ruberythric acid (XI), the naturally occurring glycoside of the dihydroxyanthraquinone alizarin, and other plant glycosides.

Keywords

Lead Acetate Cardiac Glycoside Steroid Glycoside Rubia Tinctorum Powdered Plant Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag OHG 1955

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Trim

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