Acute Left Sided Heart Failure

  • Wulf-Dirk Bussmann


In acute heart failure, vigorous therapeutic measures generally have to be initiated promptly. In many cases there are emergency interventions and therapeutic guidelines have to be established for various clinical conditions such as acute pulmonary edema, left-sided heart failure after acute myocardial infarction, acute right-sided heart failure or cardiogenic shock. Appropriateness and ease of administration of drugs have the same priority as the establishment of a therapeutic regimen and sequence of actions to be taken.


Heart Failure Acute Myocardial Infarction Chronic Heart Failure Pulmonary Edema Cardiogenic Shock 
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  1. Bussmann WD, Vachalowa J, Kaltenbach M (1975) Wirkung von Nitroglycerin beim akuten Myokardinfarkt. I. Nitroglycerin sublingual zur Behandlung der Linksinsuffizienz und des Lungenödems. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 100: 749–755PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hockings BEF, Cope GD, Clarke GM, Taylor RR (1981) Randomized controlled trial of vasodilator therapy after myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 48: 345–352PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wulf-Dirk Bussmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Zentrum der Inneren Medizin, Abteilung für KardiologieKlinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt 70Germany

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