The Medical, Social, and Economic Implications of Disease
According to Sigismond Peller, between 20% and 25% of children born in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries died during their first year of life . By 1750, infant mortality in Sweden and Britain had declined to 16%. The great killers throughout these centuries were infections, including infant diarrhea, and poor nutrition. At the turn of the twentieth century, infant mortality was reduced to 8.5% in Sweden and 12.7% in Britain due mainly to public health advances and improved food supplies . Currently infant mortality is 6.5/1000 in Sweden and 10.0/1000 in Britain and the United States. Most deaths during the first year of life are now caused by genetic and birth-related problems and prematurity.
KeywordsPeptic Ulcer Infant Mortality Direct Medical Cost Early Retirement Economic Implication
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