Integrated Biological Systems for Effluent Treatment from Mine and Mill Tailings

  • Hans Von Michaelis


Biological processes are of course routinely used in the treatment of municipal waste water. Randol (1985) has just completed a comprehensive encyclopedia on Waste Management in Mining and Metallurgical Operations and one of the interesting discoveries is that if treated municipal waste water is used for mineral processing, e.g., flotation, then the type of biological process applied in the municipal treatment plant is all important. Waste treated by conventional biofilters is more often than not unsuitable for use in the flotation process. However, these are more sophisticated multistage activated sludge processes that seem to render this type of water suitable for this purpose without reducing recoveries. The important point is that biological processes can be developed for routine use in the treatment of waste and effluents.


Coal Mine Acid Mine Drainage Mine Drainage Waste Rock Effluent Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Black SA (undated) The use of marshlands in waste water treatment — novel concept. Ontario Minist Environ. 135 St. Clair Av West, Toronto, Ontario M4V 1P5Google Scholar
  2. Brierley CL, Brierly JA (1981) Contamination of ground and surface waters due to uranium mining and milling, vol 1. Biological processes for concentrating trace elements from uranium mine waters. Bur Mines Miner Res Contract Rep J0195033, Oct 1981Google Scholar
  3. Brierley JA, Brierley CL, Goyak GM (1985) AMT-BIOCLAIM: A new waste water and metal recovery technology. Int Symp Biohydrometallurgy, Vancouver, 21–24 Aug 1985Google Scholar
  4. ENDS (ed) (1985) ENDS Report 125, June 1985, pp 13–15Google Scholar
  5. Ernst WJ (1976) Biological treatment of waste Waters from a lead-zinc mine-mill operation. MSc Thesis, Univ Missouri, RollaGoogle Scholar
  6. Gordon J A (1983) Iron, manganese, and sulfide mechanics in streams and lakes: a literature review. Rep Water Qual Branch, Div Water Resour, TVA, Chattanooga, TN Contract TU 30538AGoogle Scholar
  7. Holm JD (1984) Pres Randol Int Ltd. Worksh Water management and treatment for minings and metallurgical operations. Beaver Creek, Col, Oct 1984Google Scholar
  8. Holm JD, Guertin dF (1984) Theoretical assessment and design considerations for passive mine drainage systems. Forest Guertin, Col School of Mines, GoldenGoogle Scholar
  9. Holm JD, Sullivan T, Stenulson BK (1979) The restoration of Peru Creek. Col Dep Health, Water Qual Control Div, Oct 1979. 1313 Sherman Street, Denver CO 80203Google Scholar
  10. Holm JD, Bishop MB, Tempo K (1984) Passive mine drainage treatment — Promoting natural removal mechanisms for acidity and trace metals from mine drainage. Rep Col Dep Nat Res, Mined land reclamation Div, 1313 Sherman Street, Denver CO 80203–2273Google Scholar
  11. Imai K (1985) Utilization of sulfate-reducing and photolithothropic bacteria in biohydrometallurgy. Int Symp Biohydrometallurgy, Vancouver, 21–24 AugGoogle Scholar
  12. Jennett JC, Wixson RG (1977) Water quality studies, chap 6: The Missouri lead study. An interdisciplinary investigation of environmental pollution by lead and other heavy metals from industrial development in the new lead belt of Southeastern Missouri. Univ Miss Rep Period May 1972 to May 1977Google Scholar
  13. Lapako K, Eger P (1981) Trace metal removal from mining stockpile runoff using peat, wood chips, tailings, till, and zeolite. Symp Surface mining hydrology, sedimentology and reclamation, Lexington, Kentucky, Dec 1981Google Scholar
  14. Manahan SE (1984) Environmental chemistry, 4th edn. Willard Grant, Boston MA, 612 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. Mudder TI Whitlock JL (1984), Biological treatment of cyanidation wastewaters, SME-AIME Annual Conf Feb 26, 1984, Los Angeles, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  16. Randol Int Ltd. (1985) Water management and treatment for mining and metallurgical operations. Eight vol Multi-Client Ref Randol Int Ltd., 21578 Mountsfield Drive, Golden CO 80401. (303) 526–1626Google Scholar
  17. Randol Int Ltd. (1987) Innovations in gold and silver recovery — Phase III. Multi-client study by Randol Int Ltd., 21578 Mountsfield Drive, Golden CO 80401. (303) 526–1626Google Scholar
  18. Simovic L, Snodgrass WJ, Murphy KL, Schmidt JW (1984) Development of a model to describe the natural degradation of cyanide in gold mill effluents. Univ Ar Conf Cyanide and the environment, Tuscon, Ar, 11–14 Dec 1984Google Scholar
  19. Skerritt RM, Lester (1979) The microbiological control of mine waste pollution. Miner Environ 1 2Google Scholar
  20. Spisak JF (1985) Biotechnology and minerals — Legitimate challenge or costly myth. In: Spisak JF, Jergenson GV II (eds) Frontier technology in mineral processing. SME-AIME Publ, Feb 1985Google Scholar
  21. Townsley CC, Ross IC, Atkins AS (1985) Biorecovery of metallic residues from various effluents using filamentous fungi. Int Symp Biohydrometallurgy, Vancouver, 21–24 Aug 1985Google Scholar
  22. Whitlock JL, Mudder TI (1985) The homestake biological treatment process: Biological removal of toxic parameters from cyanidation waste waters and bioassay effluent evaluation. In: Lawrence, RW et al. (eds), Fundamental and applied biohydrometallurgy, Proc 6th Intern Symp Biohydrometallurgy, Vancouver, BC, Canada, August 21–24, 1985Google Scholar
  23. Wile I, Palmateer G, Miller G (undated) Use of artificial wetlands for waste water treatment. MOE Rep can be requested from Mrs Ivy Wile, Assistant Director, Div Hazardous Contaminants, Ministry of the Environment, 40 St. Clair Av West, Toronto MVP 1P5Google Scholar
  24. Wixson BG, Davies BE (1985) Frontier technology for environmental cleanup, Chap 4. In: Spisak JF, Jergenson GV II (eds) Frontier technology in mineral processing. AIME-SME Publ, Feb 1985Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Von Michaelis
    • 1
  1. 1.Randol International Ltd.GoldenUSA

Personalised recommendations