Soil Pollution pp 183-221 | Cite as

Transformation and Metabolite Formation

  • Bruno Yaron
  • Raoul Calvet
  • René Prost


After reaching the soil medium, the pollutants are partitioned among the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases. Part of the chemical fraction is transported into the gaseous phase and is lost in the atmosphere. The remaining portion may be dissolved in the soil solution or retained within the soil solid phase as adsorbed molecules, entrapped ganglia, or precipitates. These chemicals are submitted to chemical, photochemical, and surface-induced reactions, leading to their transformation in the course of time. As a result of pollutant transformation, various metabolites — which may be more or less toxic than the parent material — are introduced into the soil medium.


Soil Organic Matter Soil Medium Clay Surface Sodium Adsorption Ratio Metabolite Formation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Yaron
    • 1
  • Raoul Calvet
    • 2
  • René Prost
    • 3
  1. 1.Agricultural Research OrganizationInstitute of Soils and WaterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Institut National Agronomique Science des Sols et HydrologieDépartement Agronomie EnvironnementThiverval-GrignonFrance
  3. 3.INRAStation de Science du SoVersailles CedexFrance

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