Advertisement

Carbon storage and climate change in Swedish forests: a comparison of static and dynamic modelling approaches

  • Martin T. Sykes
  • I. Colin Prentice
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 40)

Abstract

Changes in the global carbon (C) cycle caused by human activities have focused the attention of environmental scientists on where and how C is distributed through the terrestrial biosphere. Forests are the largest land reservoir for C (e.g., see Kellomäki and Karjalainen, Chapter 5). They also have the potential to be a C sink in the future. However, their future role in this respect depends not only on present and future management practices, but also on how the vegetation responds to climate changes that may already be underway.

Keywords

Boreal Forest Plant Functional Type Forest Composition Northern Taiga Potential Natural Vegetation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Botkin DB, Simpson LG (1990) Biomass of the North American boreal forest. A step towards accurate global measures. Biogeochem. 9: 161–174.Google Scholar
  2. Botkin DB, Janak, JF, Wallis JR (1972) Some consequences of a computer model of forest growth. J. Ecol. 60: 849–873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Desanker and Prentice (1995) MIOMBO—a vegetation dynamics model for the Miombo woodlands of Zambesian Africa. For. Ecol. Manage. 69: 87–95.Google Scholar
  4. Hansen J, Fung I, Lacis A, Rind D, Russell G, Lebedeff S, Ruedy R (1988) Global climate changes as forecast by the GISS-3-D model. J. Geophys. Res. 93: 9341–9364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Jarvis PG, Leverenz JW (1983) Productivity of temperate, deciduous and evergreen forests. In: Lange OL, Nobel PS, Osmond CB, Ziegler H (eds) Physiological Plant Ecology IV, Ecosystem Processes: Mineral Cycling, Productivity and Man’s Influence, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 233–261.Google Scholar
  6. Leemans R, Cramer W (1991) The IIASA Climate Database for Monthly Mean Values of Temperature, Precipitation and Cloudiness on a Terrestrial Grid. RR-91-18, IIASA, Laxenbuig, Austria, 62 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Kellomäki S, Karjalainen T (1995) Sequestration of carbon in the Finnish boreal forest ecosystem managed for timber production. (Chapter 5, this volume).Google Scholar
  8. Kellomäki S, Kolstrom M (1992) Simulation of tree species composition and organic matter accumulation in Finnish boreal forests under changing climatic conditions. Vegetatio 102: 47–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Manabe S, Wetherald RT (1987) Large scale changes in soil wetness induced by an increase in carbon dioxide. J. Atmos. Sci. 44: 1211–1235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mitchell JFB (1983) The seasonal response of a general circulation model to changes in C02 and sea temperature. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. B109: 113–152.Google Scholar
  11. Olson JS, Watts J A, Allison LJ (1983) Carbon in live vegetation of major world ecosystems. ORNL-5682, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 152 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Prentice IC, Leemans R (1990) Pattern and process and the dynamics of forest structure: a simulation approach. J. Ecol. 78: 340–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Prentice IC, Sykes MT, Cramer W (1991) The possible dynamic response of northern forests to global warming. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. Lett. 1: 129–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prentice IC, Cramer W, Harrison SP, Leemans R, Monserud R, Solomon AM (1992) A global biome model based on plant physiology and dominance, soil properties and climate. J. Biogeog. 19: 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Prentice IC, Sykes MT, Cramer W (1993a) A simulation model for the transient effects of climatic change on forest landscapes. Ecol. Modelling 65: 51–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Prentice IC, Sykes MT, Lautenschlager M, Harrison SP, Denissenko O, Bartlein PJ (1993b) Modelling global vegetation patterns and terrestrial carbon storage at the last glacial maximum. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. Lett. 3: 67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Prentice IC, Sykes MT (1995a) Climatic Change (In press).Google Scholar
  18. Prentice IC, Sykes MT (1995b) Vegetation geography and global carbon storage changes. In: Woodwell GM, Mackenzie FT (eds) Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climate System: Will the warming speed the warming? Oxford University Press, New York, pp 304–312.Google Scholar
  19. Price DT, Apps MJ, Kurz WA, Prentice IC, Sykes MT (1993) Simulating the carbon budget of the Canadian Boreal forest using an integrated suite of process-based models. In: Huor-Ung C (ed) Forest Growth Models and their Uses. Canadian Forest Service, Québec, pp 251–264.Google Scholar
  20. Schlesinger ME, Zhao ZC (1989) Seasonal climatic changes induced by doubled CO2 as simulated by the OSU atmospheric GCM/mixed-layer ocean model. J. Clint. 2: 459–495.Google Scholar
  21. Sjörs H (1967) Nordisk Växtgeografi. Svenska Bokförlaget, Bonniers, Stockholm, 239 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Shugart HH (1984) A Theory of Forest Dynamics. Springer, New York, 278 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Skogsdata (1990) Aktuella uppgifter om de svenska skogarna från riksskogstaxeringen, taxering 89/90. Institutionen för skogstaxering, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Umeå, Sweden, 70 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Sykes MT (1994) Modelling the effects of climate change on forest diversity. Biolog. 2-3: 17–24. Oslo Norway.Google Scholar
  25. Sykes MT, Prentice IC (1995a) Boreal forest futures: Modelling the controls on tree species range limits and transient responses to climate change. Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 82: 415–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sykes MT, Prentice IC (1995b) Climate change, tree species distributions and forest dynamics: a case study in the mixed conifers/northern hardwoods zone of northern Europe. (Unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  27. Sykes MT, Prentice IC, Cramer W (1995) A bioclimatic model for the potential distribution of northern European tree species under present and future climates. J Biogeogr. (In press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin T. Sykes
    • 1
  • I. Colin Prentice
    • 1
  1. 1.Global Systems GroupEcology Lund UniversityLundSweden

Personalised recommendations