Effects of Nutritional Antioxidants and Other Dietary Constituents on Coxsackievirus-Induced Myocarditis

  • M. A. Beck
  • O. A. Levander
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 223)


Nutrition of the host has been largely neglected in studies of viral pathogenesis. Much more emphasis has been placed on the effect of nutrition on the host’s immune system. A functioning immune system is required for both initial protection from viral illness as well as subsequent viral clearance once the pathogen has gained entrance to the host. Any perturbation of the immune system induced by a change in host nutritional status would be expected to affect the course of a viral infection. For example, severely malnourished children are more susceptible to infection and severe disease with rotavirus, which is thought to be due in part to a dysfunctional immune response (DAGAN et al. 1990). Therefore, the vast majority of nutrition research related to viral infection has emphasized the effect of nutrition on the host immune system, which in turn leads to a change in host susceptibility to infectious disease.


Keshan Disease CVB3 Infection Coxsackievirus Infection Nutritional Antioxidant Keshan Disease Area 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Beck
    • 1
  • O. A. Levander
    • 2
  1. 1.Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center and Department of PediatricsUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.United States Department of Agriculture, ARSBeltsville Human Nutrition Research CenterBeltsvilleUSA

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