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Options for the Regulation and Control of the Environmental Impact and Human Health Consequences of Chemicals in the European Union

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Part of the Archives of Toxicology book series (TOXICOLOGY,volume 19)

Abstract

This paper gives a general introduction to the economic principles of regulation of environmental hazards, and then assesses three different approaches to chemical regulation. In doing so, it reviews the current European Union approach to the regulation of hazardous chemicals, and considers the recent Green Paper (1993) proposals on the use of a civil liability system for environmental regulation. The conclusions that emerge from this discussion are: (i) ex post systems (for example, liability rules) are inadequate for the regulation of long-term risks; (ii) ex ante regulation should be based on the chemical characteristics which give rise to harm; (iii) any regulatory approach must be assessed carefully for the incentives for strategic behaviour that it creates. The paper concludes by making suggestions for the regulation of chemicals in the E.U. which reflect these general principles.

Keywords

  • Regulatory Approach
  • Strategic Behaviour
  • Marginal Benefit
  • Human Health Consequence
  • Liability Rule

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 1997 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Mason, R. (1997). Options for the Regulation and Control of the Environmental Impact and Human Health Consequences of Chemicals in the European Union. In: Seiler, J.P., Vilanova, E. (eds) Applied Toxicology: Approaches Through Basic Science. Archives of Toxicology, vol 19. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60682-3_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60682-3_10

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-64505-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-60682-3

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