Environmental Assessment and Management in MOLDAVIA

  • Olga Vedina
Part of the Data and Knowledge in a Changing World book series (DATAKNOWL)

Abstract

Moldavia is a densely populated agrarian republic. Agricultural lands occupy 68,2% of all arable land. Consequences of the intensive development of agriculture are most dangerous for the environment in Moldavia. To determine the potential impact of the agriculture on the environment and human health, the method known as Environmental Impact Assessment (EI A) has been applied [1]. In some countries EIA is a legal requirement. In Moldavia it is enforced indirectly by the general planning and activities of the Ministries of Health and Agriculture, Department for Environmental Protection and Natural Resources. The research carried out has shown that agricultural activities and environment are strongly interrelated. The intensification of agricultural production leads to a conflict between agricultural and environmental objectives, but beside negative changes, positive ones occur in the environment as well. In order to harmonize agricultural and environmental objectives, integrated policies should be carried out based on increasing the positive role of agriculture, pollution prevention and control, and encouragement of the adaptive system of agriculture.

Keywords

Clay Migration Phosphorus Transportation Mold 

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References

  1. [1]
    Environmental and Health Impact Assessment of Development Projects. A Handbook for Practitioners. WHO, CEMP by Elsevier Applied Science. London and New York (1992).Google Scholar
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    Raport privind calitatea factorilor de mediu si a activitatii Inspectoratului Ecologie República de Stat 199. Chisinau (1993).Google Scholar
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    Sinkevich, Z. Strijova, G. “Chemical contamination of Moldavian soils”. Kishinev, Mold. NIINTI (1980).Google Scholar
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    Vedina, O. Liach, T. “Effect of long-term utilisation of fertilizers on heavy metal content in soils”. J. Moldavian Agriculture. N7, p 16 (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga Vedina
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant PhysiologyMoldavian Academy of SciencesKishinevMoldavia

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