Climate change and the reproductive biology of higher plants

  • Alan J. Gray
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 47)

Abstract

If there is to be an evolutionary response among plant populations to climate change, three necessary conditions must apply. First, climate, or some aspect of climate, must be capable of exerting a selective effect. Secondly, there must be variation in traits which affects the fitness of their possessors when this selective effect is applied. Thirdly, this variation must be heritable. These conditions will empower, but not guarantee, an evolutionary response.

Keywords

Europe Pleistocene Alba Alan Perennial Grass 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bocher TW (1949) Racial divergences in Prunella vulgaris in relation to habitat and climate. New Phytologist 48:285–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bocher TW, Larsen K (1958) Geographical distribution of initiation of flowering, growth habit and other characters in Holcus lanatus. Botaniska Notiser 111:289–300Google Scholar
  3. Boudry P, Weiber R, Saumitou-Laprade P, Pillen K, van Dijk H, Jung Chr. (1994) Identification of RFLP markers closely linked to the bolting gene B and the significance for the study of the annual habit in beets (Beta vulgaris L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 88:852–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carey PD, Watkinson AR, Gerard FFO (1995) The determinants of the distribution and abundance of the winter annual grass Vulpia ciliata ssp. ambigua. Journal of Ecology 83:177–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carter RN, Prince SD (1981) Epidemic models used to explain biogeographical limits. Nature 293:644–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carter RN, Prince SD (1988) Distribution limits from a demographic viewpoint, inDavy AJ, Hutchings MJ, Watkinson AR (eds) Plant population ecology, 165–184. Blackwell Scientific Publications, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Cooper JP (1963) Species and population differences in climatic response, in Evans LT (ed) Environmental control of plant growth, 381–403. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Gray AJ (1971) Variation in Aster tripolium L. with particular reference to some British populations. PhD Thesis, University of KeeleGoogle Scholar
  9. Gray AJ (1986) Do invading species have definable genetic characteristics? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 314:655–674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gray AJ (1987) Genetic change during succession in plants, in Gray AJ, Crawley MJ & Edward PJ (eds) Colonisation, succession and stability, 273–293. Blackwell Scientific Publications, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Gray AJ (1988) Demographic and genetic variation in a post-fire population of Agrostis curtisii. Oecologia Plantarum 9:31–41Google Scholar
  12. Heide OM (1994) Control of flowering and reproduction in temperate grasses. New Phytologist 128:347–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Iversen J (1944) Viscum, Hedera and Ilex as climate indicators. Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 66:463–483Google Scholar
  14. Lacey EP (1986) The genetic and environmental control of reproductive timing in a short-lived monocarpic species, Daucus carota (Umbelliferae). Journal of Ecology 74:73–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lacey EP (1988) Latitudinal variation in reproductive timing of a short-lived monocarp, Daucus carota (Apiaceae). Ecology 69:220–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lotz, LAP (1990) The relation between age and size at first flowering of Plantago major in various habitats. Journal of Ecology 78:757–771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Miller RE, Fowler NL (1994) Life history variation and local adaptation within two populations of Bouteloua rigidiseta (Texas grama). Journal of Ecology 82:855–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Murfet IC (1977) Environmental interaction and the genetics of flowering. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 28:253–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pigott CD (1970) The response of plants to climate and climatic change, inPerring FH (ed) The flora of a changing Britain, 32–44. Classey, Faringdon.Google Scholar
  20. Pigott CD (1992) Are the distributions of species determined by failure to set seed? in:Marshall C, Grace J (eds) Fruit and seed production, 203–216. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pigott CD, Huntley JP (1981) Factors controlling the distribution of Tilia cordata at the northern limits of its geographical range. 3. Nature and causes of seed sterility. New Phytologist 87:817–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rathke B, Lacey EP (1985) Phenological patterns of terrestrial plants. Annual Review of Ecology & Systematics 16:179–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rees AR (1987) Environmental and genetic regulation of photoperiod - a review, in Atherton JG (ed) Manipulation of flowering, 187–202. Butterworths, London.Google Scholar
  24. Reinartz JA (1984) Life history variation of common mullein (Verbascum thapsus L.). I. L.titudinal differences in population dynamics and timing of reproduction. Journal of Ecology 72:897–912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Smith, HB (1927) Annual versus biennial growth habit and its inheritance in Melilotus alba. American Journal of Botany 14:129–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wesselingh RA, de Jong TJ (1995) Bidirectional selection on threshold size for flowering in Cynoglossum officinale (hound’s-tongue). Heredity 74:415–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Gray
    • 1
  1. 1.ITE Furzebrook Research StationWarehamUK

Personalised recommendations