Past and Future Rapid Environmental Changes pp 319-339
Late-Quaternary extinction of large mammals in northern Eurasia:A new look at the Siberian contribution
- Cite this paper as:
- Sher A.V. (1997) Late-Quaternary extinction of large mammals in northern Eurasia:A new look at the Siberian contribution. In: Huntley B., Cramer W., Morgan A.V., Prentice H.C., Allen J.R.M. (eds) Past and Future Rapid Environmental Changes. NATO ASI Series (Series I: Global Environmental Change), vol 47. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Although extinction occurred throughout the Quaternary, various calculations of extinction rates agree that the end-Pleistocene extinction was among the largest by the number of species involved and probably one of the most abrupt in time (Kurtén & Anderson 1980; Martin & Klein 1984). Generally, extinction can be considered as the failure of a species to adapt to changing biotic or abiotic conditions. The transition from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene was marked by wide-scale vegetational restructuring, which broadly correlated with the dramatic changes in the spatial distribution of some mammalian species and the extinction of others. Since the last century this correlation has been used as the main argument for environmentally caused (‘climatic’) extinction hypotheses.
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