NMR pp 216-229 | Cite as


  • Rainer Kimmich


The objective of one- or multiple-dimensional exchange spectroscopy is to probe fluctuations between different resonance frequencies a spin experiences. The exchange processes as well as the fluctuations of the resonance frequency can be of extremely different natures. The resonance frequency may vary for example due to
  • sites subject to different chemical shift

  • isomers with different chemical shift

  • environments of different magnetic susceptibility

  • anisotropic spin interactions in combination with different orientations in solidlike materials

  • positions in a field gradient


Resonance Frequency Electric Field Gradient Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Longitudinal Magnetization Cross Relaxation 
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  1. 1.
    Recall that this behavior stipulates motional averaging as concerns transverse relaxation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Kimmich
    • 1
  1. 1.Sektion KernresonanzspektroskopieUniversität UlmUlmGermany

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