Transcription Factors of the bHLH and LIM Families: Synergistic Mediators of T Cell Acute Leukemia?

  • R. Baer
  • L.-Y. Hwang
  • R. O. Bash
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 220)


Patients with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) often harbor tumor-specific chromosome translocations in their malignant cells (reviewed by Raimondi 1993). In an effort to understand the etiology of T-ALL, many investigators have sought to identify the genes that are altered as a consequence of these chromosomal defects (Rabbitts 1994). To date these studies have uncovered nine presumptive proto-oncogenes, each of which can be activated in T-ALL cells by aberrant juxtaposition with the T cell receptor sequences on chromosomes 7 or 14 (Hwang and BAER 1995). For instance, the (8;14) (q24;q11) translocation serves to deregulate the MYC gene on chromosome 8 by recombining it with the T cell receptor α/δ chain locus on chromosome 14. The various proto-oncogenes implicated in T-ALL are listed in Table 1, along with the major chromosome translocations that are responsible for their activation.


Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Amino Acid Motif bHLH Protein bHLH Domain bHLH Motif 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Baer
    • 1
  • L.-Y. Hwang
    • 1
  • R. O. Bash
    • 2
  1. 1.Molecular Immunology Center, Department of MicrobiologyUT Southwestern Medical Center at DallasDallasUSA
  2. 2.Molecular Immunology Center, Department of PediatricsUT Southwestern Medical Center at DallasDallasUSA

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