Advertisement

Cancer of the Female Urethra

  • B. Micaily
  • M. F. Dzeda
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Carcinoma of the female urethra is uncommon, with approximately 1500 cases reported in the literature (Grigsby 1992). It represents 0.02% of all cancers found in women and less than 0.1% of all gynecologic malignancies (Johnson and O’Connell 1983; Weghaupt et al. 1984). The peak incidence occurs in the fifth and sixth decades, although cases have been reported in children as young as 4 years and women in their ninth decade (Hopkins and Grabstald 1986). This cancer appears to be more common in white women (85%) than black women (12%) (Hopkins and Grabstald 1986).

Keywords

External Beam Irradiation Inguinal Node Primary Carcinoma Verrucous Carcinoma Interstitial Brachytherapy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Antoniades J (1969) Radiation therapy in carcinoma of the female urethra. Cancer 24:70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beahrs OH, Henson DE, Hutter RVP, Kennedy BJ (eds) (1992) American Joint Committee on Cancer, manual for staging of cancer, 4th edn. Lippincott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Bracken RB, Johnson DE, Miller LS, et al. (1976) Primary carcinoma of the female urethra. J Urol 116:188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Chu AM (1973) Female urethral carcinoma. Radiology 107: 627PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Delclos L (1982) Carcinoma of the female urethra. In: Johnson DE, Boileau MA (eds) Genitourinary tumors. Grune & Stratton, New York, p 275Google Scholar
  6. Desai S, Libertino JA, Zinman L (1973) Primary carcinoma of the female urethra. J Urol 110:693PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Foens CS, Hussey DH, Staples JJ, et al. (1991) A comparison of the roles of surgery and radiation therapy in the management of carcinoma of the female urethra. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 21:961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Forman JD, Lichter AS (1992) The role of radiation therapy in the management of carcinoma of the male and female urethra. Urol Clin North Am 19:383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Garden AS, Zagars GK, Delclos L (1993) Primary carcinoma of the female urethra. Results of radiation therapy. Cancer 71:3102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grabstald H (1973) Tumors of the urethra in men and women. Cancer 32:1236PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grabstald H (1982) Commentary: urethral cancer. In: Johnson DE, Boileau MA (eds) Genitourinary tumors. Grune & Stratton, New York, p 287Google Scholar
  12. Grabstald H, Hilaris B, Henschke U, et al. (1966) Cancer of the female urethra. JAMA 197:835PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Grigsby PW (1992) Female urethra. In: Perez CA, Brady LW (eds) Principles and practice of radiation oncology, 2nd edn. Lippincott, Philadelphia, p 1059Google Scholar
  14. Grigsby PW, Corn BW (1992) Localized urethral tumors in women: indications for conservative versus exenterative therapies. J Urol 147:1516PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Hahn P, Krepart C, Malaker K (1991) Carcinoma of female urethra. Urology 37:106PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hopkins SC, Grabstald H (1986) Benign and malignant tumors of the male and female urethra. In: Walsh PC, Gittes RF, Perlmutter AD, Stamey TA (eds) Campbell’s urology, 5th edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 1441Google Scholar
  17. Johnson DE, O’Connell JR (1983) Primary carcinoma of the female urethra. Urology 21:42PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson DW, Kessler JF, Ferrigni RG, Anderson JD (1989) Low dose combined chemotherapy/radiotherapy in the management of locally advanced urethral squamous cell carcinoma. J Urol 141:615PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Klein FA, Whitmore WF, Herr HW, et al. (1983) Inferior pubic rami resection with en bloc radical excision for invasive proximal urethral carcinoma. Cancer 51:1238PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leeson TS, Leeson CR, Paparo AA (1988) Text/atlas of histology. Saunders, Philadelphia, p 566Google Scholar
  21. Levine RL (1980) Urethral cancer. Cancer 45:1965PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Meis JM, Ayala AG, Johnson DE (1987) Adenocarcinoma of the urethra in women: a clinicopathologic study. Cancer 60:1038PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mostofi FK, Davis CJ, Sesterhenn IA (1992) Carcinoma of the male and female urethra. Urol Clin North Am 19:347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Narayan P, Konety B (1992) Surgical treatment of female urethral carcinoma. Urol Clin North Am 19:373PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Peterson DT, Dockerty MB, Utz DC, et al. (1973) The peril of primary carcinoma of the urethra in women. J Urol 110:72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Pointon RCS, Poole-Wilson DS (1968) Primary carcinoma of the urethra. Br J Urol 40:682PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Prempree T, Amornmarn R, patanaphan V (1984) Radiation therapy in primary carcinoma of the female urethra. II. An update on results. Cancer 54:729PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sailer SL, Shipley WU, Wang CC (1988) Carcinoma of the female urethra: a review of results with radiation therapy. J Urol 140:1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Scher HI, Yagoda A, Herr HW, et al. (1988) Neoadjuvant M-VAC (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin and cispatin) for extravesical urinary tract tumors. J Urol 139:475PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Shah AB, Kalra JK, Silber L, et al. (1985) Squamous cell cancer of the female urethra. Urology 25:284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Taggart CG, Castro JR, Rutledge FN (1972) Carcinoma of the female urethra. AJR 114:145Google Scholar
  32. Weghaupt K, Gerstner G J, Kucera H (1984) Radiation therapy for primary carcinoma of the female urethra: a survey over 25 years. Gynecol Oncol 17:58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Micaily
    • 1
  • M. F. Dzeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyAllegheny University HahnemannPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations