MR-Guided Cholecystostomy in Pigs

  • J. F. Debatin
  • S. Göhde
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The MR experiment is highly sensitive to materials characterized by long T2 relaxation times. Bile fluid is such a material. Bile-filled structures can hence be displayed on heavily T2-weighted MR sequences without the use of any contrast medium. Use of very long repetition (TR) and echo times (TE) results in a selective display of the biliary system referred to as MR cholangiography (Kaufmann et al. 1989; Schuster et al. 1995). The MR images are acquired non-invasively in any desired plane, providing a truly three-dimensional perspective of the biliary tree, including any pathologic findings (Kaufmann et al. 1989; Schuster et al. 1995).


Biliary System Tracking Signal Bile Fluid Liquid Crystal Display Monitor Percutaneous Biliary Intervention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. Debatin
    • 1
  • S. Göhde
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Diagnostic RadiologyZurich University HospitalZurichSwitzerland

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