Navigation in Cyberspace Using Multi-Dimensional Scaling to Create Three-dimensional Navigational Maps

  • D. Schoder
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization book series (STUDIES CLASS)


This paper presents results regarding the performance of multidimensional scaling (MDS) when used to create three-dimensional navigation maps. MDS aims at reducing high-dimensional space into low-dimensional landscapes. Combined with browsers which are capable of visualizing three-dimensional object information by applying the conceptual basis of Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML), MDS opens new possibilities for cognitive receptive navigation. Web3D, a prototype implementation using MDS, reveals the potential of this idea.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Schoder
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Informatik und Gesellschaft (IIG), Abt.Telematik, Universität FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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