Laminated Sediments from Levinson-Lessing Lake, Northern Central Siberia - A 30,000 Year Record of Environmental History?

  • T. Ebel
  • M. Melles
  • F. Niessen

Abstract

Sediment description and initial stratigraphical, geochemical, and physical analyses were carried out on a 22.4 m long sediment core from the arctic Levinson-Lessing Lake, Taymyr Peninsula (northern Central Siberia). The results reveal a continuous sedimentary history of the lake and its dependence on climatic variations since the late Middle Weichselian. The core consists of two major sediment types, clastic varves and sandy layers, which are linked to seasonal sediment supply related to meltwater runoff and episodic events related to turbidity currents, respectively. Higher frequencies of the event deposits during the Weichselian were presumably initiated by a lower lake level. Climatic warming at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition led to increased biogenic accumulation, originating from both aquatic production and terrestrial supply, but to no significant change in sedimentation rates. From the available data, a glaciation in the lake’s catchment area can be excluded during the period since the late Middle Weichselian.

Keywords

Sedimentation Pyrite Liner Gravel Holocene 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bolshiyanov, D.Y., D. Ginz and V.P. Zimichev (1995) Surface drainage. In: Russian-German Cooperation: The Expedition Taymyr 1994, Siegert, C. and D.Y. Bolshiyanov (eds.), Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 175, 13–17.Google Scholar
  2. Gintz, D.A. and T. Meinel (1997) Hydrology and suspension transport in the Krasnaya River. In: Russian-German Cooperation: The Expedition Taymyr/Severnaya Zemlya 1996, Melles, M., B. Hagedorn and D.Y. Bolshiyanov (eds.), Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 237, 58–61.Google Scholar
  3. Gintz, D.A., V. Mescherjakov, H. Becker, J. Boike and B. Hagedorn (1996) Hydrological Investigations at the Krasnaja River. In: Russian-German Cooperation: The Expedition Taymyr 1995 and the Expedition Kolyma 1995 of the Pushchino Group, Bolshiyanov, D.Y. and H.W. Hubberten (eds.), Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 211,92–95.Google Scholar
  4. Grichuk, V.P. (1984) Late Pleistocene vegetation history. In: Late Quaternary environments of the Soviet Union, Velichko, A.A. (ed.). University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 155–178.Google Scholar
  5. Grosswald, M.G. (1980) Late Weichselian ice sheets of northern Eurasia. Quaternary Research, 13, 1–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grosswald, M.G. (1988) An Antarctic-style ice sheet in the Northern Hemisphere: toward a new global glacial theory. Polar Geography and Geology, 12.Google Scholar
  7. Grosswald, M.G. and T.H. Hughes (1995) Paleoglaciology’s grand unsolved problem. Journal of Glaciology, 41(138), 313–332.Google Scholar
  8. Hagedorn, B., J. Boike, T. Ebel, D.A. Gintz and H.-W. Hubberten (1996) Sedimentation processes, hydrology and geochemistry of the Levinson Lessing Lake (Taymyr Peninsula, Siberia). In: Third Workshop on Russian-German Cooperation: Laptev Sea System, Terra Nostra, 96/9, 21–22.Google Scholar
  9. Hahne, J. and M. Melles (this volume) Climate and vegetation development on the Taymyr Peninsula since Middle Weichselian time - palynological investigations on lake sediment cores.Google Scholar
  10. Isayeva, L.L. (1984) Late Pleistocene glaciation of north-central Siberia. In: Late Quaternary environments of the Soviet Union, Velichko, A.A. (ed.). Longman, London, 21–30.Google Scholar
  11. Khotinskiy, N.A. (1984) Holocene Vegetation History. In: Late Quaternary Environments of the Soviet Union, Velichko, A.A. (ed.). University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 179–200.Google Scholar
  12. Kind, N.V. (1974) Geochronology of the late Anthropogene from isotope data [in Russian]. Nauka, Moscow.Google Scholar
  13. Mangerud, J., S.T. Andersen, B.E. Berglund and J.J. Donner (1974) Quaternary Stratigraphy of Norden, a Proposal for Terminology and Classification. Boreas, 3, 109–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Melles, M., T. Kulbe, P.P. Overduin and S. Verkulich (1994) The Expedition Bunger Oasis 1993/94 of the AWI Research Unit Potsdam. In: The Expeditions Norilsk/Taymyr 1993 and Bunger Oasis 1993/94 of the AWI Research Unit Potsdam, Melles, M. (ed.), Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 148, 35–38.Google Scholar
  15. Meyers, P.A. and R. Ishiwatari (1995) Organic matter accumulation records in lake sediments. In: Physics and Chemistry of Lakes, Lerman, A., D.M. Imboden and J.R. Gat (eds.). Springer, 279–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Niessen, F., T. Ebel, C. Kopsch and G.B. Fedorov (this volume) High-resolution seismic stratigraphy of lake sediments on the Taymyr Peninsula, Central Siberia.Google Scholar
  17. Overduin, P.P., D. Bolshiyanov and T. Ebel (1996) Lake sediment sampling on the Taymyr Peninsula. In: Russian-German Cooperation: The Expedition Taymyr 1995 and the Expedition Kolyma 1995 of the Pushchino Group, Bolshiyanov, D.Y. and H.-W. Hubberten (eds.), Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 211, 111–121.Google Scholar
  18. Retelle, M.J. and J.K. Child (1996) Suspended sediment transport and deposition in a high arctic meromictic lake. J. Paleolimnol., 16, 151–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rybakova, N.O. (1989) Late Quaternary changes in plant cover and climate in the Kolyma Lowland [in Russian]. In: The Pleistocene in Siberia, stratigraphy and large-scale correlation [in Russian], Skabichevskaya, N.A. (ed.), Nauka, Novosibirsk, 137–142.Google Scholar
  20. Samarkin, V.A. (1997) Methane Biogeochemistry in Levinson-Lessing Lake. In: Russian-German Cooperation: The Expedition Taymyr/Severnaya Zemlya 1996, Melles, M., B. Hagedorn and D.Y. Bolshiyanov (eds.). Ber. Polarforsch. AWI, Bremerhaven, 237, 67–70.Google Scholar
  21. Stuiver, M.A. and P.J. Reimer (1993) Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration program. Radiocarbon, 35(1), 215–230.Google Scholar
  22. Sturm, M. and A. Matter (1978) Turbidites and varves in Lake Brienz (Switzerland); deposition of clastic detritus by density currents. In: Modern and ancient lake sediments; proceedings of a symposium, Matter, A. and M. Tucker (eds.). Blackwell, Oxford, 147–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Velichko, A.A., L.L. Isayeva, V.M. Makeyev, G.G. Matishov and M.A. Faustova (1984) Late Pleistocene Glaciation of the Arctic Shelf, and the Reconstruction of Eurasian Ice Sheets. In: Late Quaternary Environments of the Soviet Union, Velichko, A.A. (ed.), University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 35–41.Google Scholar
  24. Weber, M.E., F. Niessen, G. Kuhn and M. Wiedicke (1997) Calibration and application of marine sedimentary physical properties using a multi-sensor core logger. Marine Geology, 136, 115–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zolitschka, B. (1990) Late Quaternary annually laminated Lake Sediments from selected Eifel-Maar Lakes [in German]. Documenta Naturae, 60, München, 226 pp.Google Scholar
  26. Zolitschka, B. (1996) Recent sedimentation in a high arctic lake, northern Ellesmere Island, Canada. J. Paleolimnol, 16, 169–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Ebel
    • 1
  • M. Melles
    • 1
  • F. Niessen
    • 2
  1. 1.Alfred-Wegener-lnstitut für Polar- und MeeresforschungForschungsstelle PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Alfred-Wegener-lnstitut für Polar- und MeeresforschungBremerhavenGermany

Personalised recommendations