Coastal Lagoons of Southeastern Brazil: Physical and Biogeochemical Characteristics

  • Bastiaan Knoppers
  • Björn Kjerfve
Part of the Environmental Science book series (ESE)


Coastal lagoons are one of six categories of inland coastal ocean-connected systems (Kjerfve 1994). Coastal lagoons are shallow water bodies, with depths usually less than 5 m, oriented parallel to the shoreline, separated from the ocean by a barrier, and connected to the ocean by one or more inlets (Phleger 1969). According to their geomorphology and water exchange with the coastal ocean, they are conveniently subdivided into choked, restricted, and leaky lagoon systems (Kjerfve 1986) (Fig. 3.1). Choked lagoons have the longest and leaky lagoons the shortest water residence times (Kjerfve and Magill 1989). Tidal mixing maybe negligible or intense, and salinity may vary from that of a fresh water coastal lake to a hypersaline lagoon.


Particulate Organic Carbon Dissolve Inorganic Nitrogen Coastal Lagoon Lagoon System Benthic Primary Production 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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  • Bastiaan Knoppers
  • Björn Kjerfve

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