Principles and Benefits of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)

  • R. K. Turner
  • B. T. Bower


In many ways coastal zones typify the problems and policy challenges presented by the process of Global Environmental Change (GEC). These zones are under increasing environmental (resource usage/over-usage) pressure and are exhibiting unacceptable environmental state changes as a consequence of population growth, urbanisation, tourism and other multiple and often conflicting resource usage trends. The mitigation of the resource conflict problems and the practical adaptation of the sustainable economic development policy objective requires innovative policy responses. Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is such a comprehensive policy/management response option. At its core should be a process which enables policy makers to strike a socially acceptable balance between conflicting stakeholder resource demands as they manifest themselves in different economic, socio-political (and institutions), cultural and environmental contexts.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anonymous (1996) Bay cleanup threatened by area growth. Washington Post, 19th June pE2Google Scholar
  2. Barbier EB (1989) The economic value of ecosystems: Tropical wetlands. LEEC Gatekeeper 89-02, London Environmental Economic Centre, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Barbier EB (1993) Economics and ecology. Chapman and Hall, London PKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Billen G et al. (1995) Global Change in nutrient transfer from land to sea: Biogeochemical processes in river systems. Belgian Global Change Programme, final report, SEE, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  5. Blankenship K (1995) Detroit and Toronto meet the Bay. Bay Journal 5:1:1, 4–7Google Scholar
  6. Bower BT, Turner RK (1997) Characterising and analysing benefits from integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). CSERGE Working Paper, University of East Anglia, Norwich and University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen M et al. (1995) Quantitative estimation of the entry of dioxins, furans and hexachlorabenzene into the Great Lakes from airborne and waterborne sources. Center for the Biology of Natural Systems, Queens College, CUNY, Flushing, NYGoogle Scholar
  8. Ehler CN, Bower BT (1995) Toward a common framework for integrated coastal zone management. Coastal Zone 95 “Spotlight on Solutions” Conference, Tampa, FLGoogle Scholar
  9. Fradkin PL (1981) A river no more. Alfred A. Knopf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Gray J (1997) Environmental science and a precautionary approach revisted. Marine Pollution Bulletin 32(7):532–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Stone GW, Grymes JM III, Armbruster JP, Xu and Huh OK (1996) Researchers study impact of hurricane Opal on florida coast. EOS 77:19–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Turner RK (1988) Wetlands conservation: Economics and ethics. In: Collard D et al. (eds) Economics, growth and sustainable environments. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Turner RK, Bower BT (1995) The benefits of integrated coastal zone management. Coastal Zone 95 “Spotlight on Solutions” Cpnference, Tampa, FLGoogle Scholar
  14. Turner RK, Subak S, Adger N (1996) Pressures, trends, and impacts in coastal zones: Interactions between socio-economic and natural systems. Environmental Management 20:159–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Turner RK, Georgiou S et al. (1997a) Managing nutrient fluxes and pollution in the Baltic: An interdisciplinary approach. CSERGE Working Paper, University of East Anglia, Norwich and University College LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Turner RK, Perrings C, Folke C (1997b) Ecological economics: Paradigm or perspective. In: Berg J van den, Strutten J van der (eds) Economy and ecosystems in change: Analytical and historical approaches. Edward Elgar, AldershotGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Turner
  • B. T. Bower

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations