How Mediterranean Fruit Flies Resist Aging, Live Long and Remain Fertile

  • J. R. Carey
Part of the Research and Perspectives in Longevity book series (RPL)


The Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata; medfly) is one of the most successful insects in the world with respect to its ability to invade new regions (Carey 1991). The species has spread from its origins in tropical Africa to virtually all areas of Mediterranean Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, to most countries in South and Central America, to isolated pockets in North America (e g, California and Florida), and to several regions in the Pacific, including the Hawaiian Islands and western Australia (Carey 1997)


Chronological Life Span Full Diet Chronological Time Ceratitis Capitata Life Table Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andrewartha HG, Birch LC (1954) The distribution and abundance of animals. The University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. ,.
    Bell G, Koufopanou V (1986) The cost of reproduction, In: Dawkins RRidley M (eds) Oxford surveys in evolutionary biology. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 83–131Google Scholar
  3. Carey JR (1991) Establishment of the Mediterranean fruit fly in California. Science 253:1369–1373PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carey JR (1996) The incipient Mediterranean fruit fly population in California: implications for invasion biology. Ecology 77:1690–1697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carey JR (1997) The future of the Mediterranean fruit fly population in California: a predictive framework. Biol Conserv 78:35–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carey JR, Gruenfelder C (1997) Population biology of the elderly. In: Wachter KFinchC. (eds) Between Zeus and the salmon: the biodemography of longevity. National Academy Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Carey JR, Krainacker D, Vargas R (1986) Life history response of Mediterranean fruit fly females to periods of host deprivation. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 42:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carey JR, Liedo P, Orozco D, Vaupel JW (1992) Slowing of mortality rates at older ages in large medfly cohorts. Science 258:457–461PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carey JR, Liedo P, Orozco D, Tatar M, Vaupel JW (1995a) A male-female longevity paradox in medfly cohorts. J Anim Ecol 64:107–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Carey JR, Liedo P, Vaupel JW (1995 b) Mortality dynamics of density in the Mediterranean fruit fly. Exp Gerontol 30:605–629PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carey JR, Liedo P, Miiller H-G, Wang J-L and Vaupel JW (1998) Dual modes of aging in Mediterranean fruit fly females. Science 281: 396–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carrel A (1931) Physiological time. Science 74:618–621PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Christenson LD, Foote RH (1960) Biology of fruit flies. Ann Rev Entomol 5:171–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Courtice AC, Drew RAI (1984) Bacterial regulation of abundance in tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Aust Zool 21:251–268Google Scholar
  15. Danks HV (1987) Insect dormancy: an ecological perspective. Biol Survey Can Mono Series No. 1Google Scholar
  16. Drew RAI, Courtice AC, Teakle DS (1983) Bacteria as a natural source of food for adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia 60:279–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Finch C (1991) Longevity, senescence and the genome. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  18. ,.
    Finch CE, (1997) Comparative perspectives on plasticity in human aging and life spans. In: Wachter KFinch C (eds) Between Zeus and the salmon: the biodemography of longevity. National Academy Press, Washington DC, pp. 245–268Google Scholar
  19. Finch CE, Tanzi RE (1997). Genetics of aging. Science 278:407–411PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fletcher BS, Pappas S, Kapatos E (1978) Changes in the ovaries of olive flies (Dacus oleae (Gmelin)) during the summer, and their relationship to temperature, humidity and fruit availability. Ecol Entomol 3:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fowler K, Partridge L (1989) A cost of mating in female fruit flies. Nature 338:760–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jazwinski SM (1996) Longevity, genes, and aging. Science 273:54–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maelzer DA (1990) Fruit fly outbreaks in Adelaide, S.A., from 1948-49 to 1985-86. I. Demarcation, frequency and temporal patterns of outbreaks. Aust Zool 38:439-452Google Scholar
  24. Mansingh A (1971) Physiological classification of dormancies in insects. Can Entomol 103:983–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Meats K, Khoo KC (1976) The dynamics of ovarian maturation and oocyte resorption in the Queensland fruit fly, Dacus tryon, in daily-rhythmic and constant temperature regimes. Physiol Entomol 1:213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Miiller H-G, Wang J-L, Capra WB, Liedo P, Carey JR (1997) Early mortality surge in protein-deprived females causes reversal of male-female life expectancy relation in Mediterranean fruit flies. Proc US Nat Acad Sci 94:2762–2765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Papadopoulos NT, Carey JR, Katsoyannos BI, Kouloussis NA (1996) Overwintering of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae), in Northern Greece. Ann Entomol Soc Amer 89:526–534Google Scholar
  28. ,.
    Partridge L (1986) Sexual activity and life span. In: Collatz KGSohal RS (eds) Insect aging: strategies and mechanisms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 45–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Partridge L, Andrews R (1985) The effect of reproductive activity on the longevity of male Drosophila melanogaster is not caused by an acceleration of aging. J Insect Physiol 31:393–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Partridge L, Fowler K (1992) Direct and correlated responses to selection on age at reproduction in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 46:76–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pressat R (1985) The dictionary of demography. Basil Blackwell Ltd., OxfordGoogle Scholar
  32. Ragland SS, Sohal RS (1973) Mating behavior, physical activity and aging in the housefly, Musca domestica. Exp Gerontol 8:135–145PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Reznick D (1985) Costs of reproduction: an evaluation of the empirical evidence. Oikos 44:257–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rivnay E (1950) The Mediterranean fruit fly in Israel. Bull Entomol Res 41:321–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Smith JM (1958) The effects of temperature and of egg-laying on the longevity of Drosophila subohscura. J Exp Biol 53:832–842Google Scholar
  36. Tatar M, Carey JR, Vaupel JW (1993) Long term cost of reproduction with and without accelerated senescence in Callosobruchus maculatus: analysis of age-specific mortality. Evolution 47:1302–1312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Vargas RI, Harris EJ, Nishida T (1983) Distribution and seasonal occurrence of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the island of Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands. Environ Entomol 12:303–310Google Scholar
  38. Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K, Johnson TE, Yashin Al, Holm NV, Iachine IA, Khazaeli AA, Liedo P, Longo VD, Yi Z, Manton KG, Curtsinger JW (1998) Biodemographic trajectories of longevity. Science, in pressGoogle Scholar
  39. Wachter K, Finch C (1997) Between Zeus and the salmon: the biodemography of longevity. National Academy Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Carey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations