Present Status of Residential Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards — An International Review

  • Isaac Turiel
Conference paper


During the last several years, there has been much interest around the world in improving the energy efficiency of residential appliances. Methods to obtain this improvement include labeling, energy efficient appliance procurement (e.g., the work of Nutek in Sweden and the Golden Carrot in the United States (US)), demand side management (DSM), voluntary agreements, and minimum energy efficiency standards. A number of countries have utilized voluntary targets or minimum energy efficiency standards as one method to reduce residential and commercial sector electricity demand. That demand reduction can result in fewer new power plants being built (and concomitant reductions in capital outlays) and a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide. Since world demand for major appliances is projected to continue to grow, especially in developing countries, some countries have focused their efforts on programs to reduce appliance energy consumption; otherwise, electricity demand in the residential sector will continue to grow rapidly. This is particularly true in the developing countries where demand is growing most rapidly due to increasing saturations of certain appliances. Energy efficiency targets and standards have also been developed for lighting, commercial sector appliances, and motors1 however, this article covers only appliances, water heaters and space conditioners in the residential sector.


Energy Efficiency International Energy Agency Demand Side Management Efficiency Standard Clothe Washer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isaac Turiel
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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