Appliances, Energy, and the Environment: The Scale of the Issue

  • John S. Hoffman


Appliances such as refrigerators, stoves, air conditioners, heat pumps, televisions, phone answering machines, hot water heaters, lights and home computers all consume electricity or gas, all cost citizens significant amounts of money, and all indirectly cause large amounts of pollution to be emitted. They also provide critical services that improve the quality of our lives.


Heat Pump Life Cycle Cost Capital Expenditure Producer Price Index Utility Bill 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Hoffman
    • 1
  1. 1.WorkSmart Energy Enterprises, IncUSA

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