Recombination:Organelle DNA of Plants and Fungi: Inheritance and Recombination

  • Heike Röhr
  • Ursula Kües
  • Ulf Stahl
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 60)

Abstract

Most of the genetic information in eukaryotic cells is stored by chromosomal DNA in the nucleus. Yet a much smaller but nevertheless essential part of the genetic information is kept by some extrachromosomal DNA molecules situated in organelles present in the cytoplasm of the cell. Two main groups of DNA containing organelles are distinguished: Mitochondria are an almost universal feature of the eukaryotic cells while chloroplasts are found in algae and plant cells capable of photosynthesis but not in the nonphototropic fungal and animal cells. Organelle DNA is able to undergo intra- and intergenomic recombination. Here we review the present knowledge on inheritance and recombination of organelle DNA in plants and fungi as well as transmission and recombination of organelle-associated plasmids.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heike Röhr
    • 1
  • Ursula Kües
    • 2
  • Ulf Stahl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Biotechnologie, Fachgebiet Mikrobiologie und GenetikTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Mikrobiologisches InstitutETH-ZentrumZürichSwitzerland

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