The Role of Radiotherapy in the Management of Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma
Carcinoma of the kidney is the third most common tumor of the genitourinary tract (Table 10.1). In the United States it represents approximately 11% of all genitourinary tumors in incidence and 18% in mortality rates (Landis et al. 1998). Most (>80%) tumors of the kidneys are renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), which show a predilection to occur in males in their fifth and sixth decades of life, although this tumor is known to occur in much younger patients (Landis et al. 1998; Skinner et al. 1971; Flocks and Kadesky 1958). Multiple environmental factors, including cigarette smoking, have been identified as possible causes for the development of RCC, and a strong association of RCC with von Hippel-Lindau disease is well documented (Christoferson et al. 1961).
KeywordsRenal Cell Carcinoma Brain Metastasis Postoperative Irradiation Preoperative Irradiation Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
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