The Economic System of Small-to-Medium Sized Regions in Japan

  • Se-il Mun
  • Komei Sasaki
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


In Japan, since the end of World War II, the three largest metropolitan areas (Tokyo, Kinki, and Chukyo) have constantly experienced population growth and, in particular, the Tokyo metropolitan area has been attracting positive net population in-migration. In brief, population and economic activities have continued to concentrate in a few of the larger areas. The central government has attempted to alter this tendency to concentrate so as to disperse population and economic activities from central metropolitan areas to peripheral, less-dense areas through transportation system improvements, industry-related infrastructure investment, lower taxes and subsidies. However, this effort has not been very successful because such policies have not been effective in modifying the results brought about by market forces. In other words, planners intending to change the spatial structure of the economy need to investigate carefully the market forces prevailing in the existing system of regions. The present research is motivated by this conclusion.


Transport Cost Transportation Network Mean Absolute Percentage Error Transport Network Agglomeration Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abdel-Rahman, H.M., 1990, “Agglomeration Economies, Types, and Sizes of Cities”, Journal of Urban Economics, 27:25–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fujita, M. and P. Krugman, 1995, “When is the Economy Monocentric? von Thiinen and Chamberlin Unified”, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 25: 505–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fujita, M., P. Krugman and T. Mori, 1995, “On the Evolution of Hierarchical Urban Systems”, Discussion Paper No. 419, Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto.Google Scholar
  4. Helpman, E., 1998, “The Size of Regions”, in D. Pines, et al. (eds.), Topic in Public Economics, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Henderson, J.V.,1986, “Efficiency of Resource Usage and City Size” Journal of Urban Economics, 19:47–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Henderson, J.V., 1987, “System of Cities and Inter-City Trade”, in P. Hansen, et al. (eds.), System of Cities and Facility Location, Harwood Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  7. Kanemoto, Y., 1980, Theories of Urban Externalities, North-Holland.Google Scholar
  8. Krugman, P., 1991, “Increasing Returns and Economic Geography”, Journal of Political Economy, 99:483–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mun, S., 1997, “Transport Network and System of Cities”, Journal of Urban Economics, 42:205–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nakamura, R., 1985, “Agglomeration Economies in Urban Manufacturing Industries”, Journal of Urban Economics, 17:108–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sasaki, K., 1982, “Travel Demand and Evaluation of Transportation Change: A Reconsideration of the Random Utility Approach”, Environment and Planning A, 14:169–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sasaki, K., 1985, “Regional Difference in Total Factor Productivity and Spatial Feature”, Regional Science and Urban Economics, 15:489–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sveikauskas, L., 1975, “The Productivity of Cities”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 89:393–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tabuchi, T., 1996, “From Urban Agglomeration to Dispersion”, Working Paper No.34, Faculty of Economics, Kyoto University, Kyoto.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Se-il Mun
    • 1
  • Komei Sasaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Information SciencesTohoku UniversityAoba-ku, SendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations