The Economic System of Small-to-Medium Sized Regions in Japan
In Japan, since the end of World War II, the three largest metropolitan areas (Tokyo, Kinki, and Chukyo) have constantly experienced population growth and, in particular, the Tokyo metropolitan area has been attracting positive net population in-migration. In brief, population and economic activities have continued to concentrate in a few of the larger areas. The central government has attempted to alter this tendency to concentrate so as to disperse population and economic activities from central metropolitan areas to peripheral, less-dense areas through transportation system improvements, industry-related infrastructure investment, lower taxes and subsidies. However, this effort has not been very successful because such policies have not been effective in modifying the results brought about by market forces. In other words, planners intending to change the spatial structure of the economy need to investigate carefully the market forces prevailing in the existing system of regions. The present research is motivated by this conclusion.
KeywordsTransport Cost Transportation Network Mean Absolute Percentage Error Transport Network Agglomeration Economy
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Fujita, M., P. Krugman and T. Mori, 1995, “On the Evolution of Hierarchical Urban Systems”, Discussion Paper No. 419, Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto.Google Scholar
- Helpman, E., 1998, “The Size of Regions”, in D. Pines, et al. (eds.), Topic in Public Economics, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Henderson, J.V., 1987, “System of Cities and Inter-City Trade”, in P. Hansen, et al. (eds.), System of Cities and Facility Location, Harwood Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kanemoto, Y., 1980, Theories of Urban Externalities, North-Holland.Google Scholar
- Tabuchi, T., 1996, “From Urban Agglomeration to Dispersion”, Working Paper No.34, Faculty of Economics, Kyoto University, Kyoto.Google Scholar