Models between Academia and Applications

  • Hans von Storch
Part of the GKSS School of Environmental Research book series (GKSS)


In environmental sciences, models are an indispensable tool. However, the seemingly simple technical term “model” covers a wide range of different conceptualisations and images of the real world, ranging from drastic reductions and simplifications to maximum complexity. These different types of models serve different purposes. The reduced, or cognitive models constitute “knowledge” while failing to provide detailed descriptions. The other extreme, quasi-realistic models create the possibility of simulation and experimentation of real world systems but fail to produce insight into the system’s functioning. While fundamental research commonly tends more to cognitive models and applied research to quasi-realistic models, a comprehensive strategy employs both types of models in an interative, synergistic manner.


Steam Shipping Assure Assimilation Stratification 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

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  • Hans von Storch

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