Computer-Aided Brain Surgery: Present and Future
The traditional practice of surgery, built upon learn-ing, reading, observation, performing under guidance and practicing, has remained relatively unchanged over many years. Rapid advancement in information technology, and thus the way knowledge is gathered, disseminated and absorbed, threatens the stability of this model. Technology affects the way in which surgery is practiced. Advances in computers, medical physics, applied mathematics, diagnostic imaging and biomedical engineering have enabled continual growth in minimally invasive techniques in surgery. Computer-aided surgical systems enable neurosurgeons to treat their patients more rapidly and with greater precision than before, without the traumatic overexposure formerly required. In addition, the advent, growth and development of computer-aided technologies as adjunctive educational, training and certification modalities in surgery will likely affect surgical practice in ways that are difficult to predict.
KeywordsVirtual Reality Augmented Reality Virtual Object Brain Atlas Surgical Simulation
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