Osteonecrosis and Osteochondritis

  • J. Kramer
  • S. Hofmann
  • M. Recht
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Osteonecrosis (ON) is a disease caused by ischemic death of the bony and marrow tissues (Jones 1994). Avascular necrosis is a term applied to ischemic necrosis involving the epiphyseal region, while ON of the metadiaphysis is referred to as bone infarction (Sweet and Madewell 1995). ON most commonly affects the femoral head, but it can also affect other epiphyseal areas including the knee, shoulder, and bones of the ankle joint as well as other locations on rare occasions (Mankin 1992; Jacobs et al. 1989; Mont et al. 1996; Urquart et al. 1996). The keys to treating this condition lie in understanding the pathologic process. Although it is possible to point to specific groups of patients that seem to be at risk, it is very difficult to assess the true incidence of ON because of the asymptomatic nature of the early stages of the disease. It is unclear how long the early stages of the disease are actually present in a bone before becoming symptomatic.


Femoral Head Avascular Necrosis Osteochondral Lesion Osteochondritis Dissecans Talar Dome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Kramer
    • 1
  • S. Hofmann
    • 2
  • M. Recht
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for CT & MRI Diagnosis -Am SchillerparkLinzAustria
  2. 2.Orthopedic Hospital StolzalpeStolzalpeAustria
  3. 3.Diagnostic Radiology, Musculoskeletal SectionCleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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