Advertisement

LCS Complete

  • D. J. Kilgus
  • B. D. Haas

Abstract

The LCS Total Knee System was introduced in 1977 by doctors Frederick Buechel, M.D. and Michael Pappas, Ph.D. as the New Jersey LCS (low contact stress) Knee. The original LCS knee was available in three main design variations, including the Rotating Platform Knee, which was designed to sacrifice both the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, the Bi-Cruciate Retaining Meniscal Bearing Knee (a design that saved both the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments),and the Posterior Cruciate Retaining Meniscal Bearing Knee, a posterior cruciate ligament sparing design. All three variations of this knee were initially sold for use as uncemented knees. The uncemented variations of the knee gained acceptance in United States, as well as in Europe and in Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Approval for use as a cemented knee was granted in the United States in 1985, and the first publication that described early results of the LCS Mobile Bearing Knee was published in 1986 [4].

Keywords

Total Knee Arthroplasty Femoral Component Posterior Cruciate Ligament Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty Mobile Bearing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Buechel FF, Pappas MJ (1990) Long term survivorship analysis of Cruciate-Sparing versus Cruciate-sacrificing prostheses using meniscal bearings. CORR 260: 162–169Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Callaghan JJ, Insall JN, Greenwald AS, Dennis DA, Komistek RD, Murray DW, Bourne BB, Rorabeck CH, Dorr LD (2000) Mobile Bearing Knee Replacement: concepts and results. JBJS (A) 82 (7): 1020–1041.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Callaghan J), Squire MVV, Goetz DD, Sullivan PM, Johnston RC (2000) Cemented Rotating Platform Total Knee Replacement. JBJS (A) 82 (5): 705–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jordan LR, Keblish PA, Collier J, Greenwald AS, Davenport JM (1993) Successful use of a metal-backed rotating anatomic patella in TKA: Biomechanical rationale and clinical experience. Am Acad Orthop SurgGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jordan LR,Olivio JL,Voorhorst PE(1997) Survivorship anal-ysis of cementless meniscal bearing TKA. CORR 119–123.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Keblish PA, Schrei C, Ward M (1993) Evaluation of 275 Low Contact Stress ( LCS) total knee replacements with two to eight year Hollow-up. Orthopaedics (International Edition) 168–174.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sanchez-Sotelo J, Odonez JM, Prats SB (1999) Results and complications of the low contact stress knee prosthesis. J Arthroplasty 815–821.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sorreils RB (1996) Primary knee arthroplasty: Long-term outcomes using the rotating platform of mobile-bearing TKA. Orthopaedics 793–796.Google Scholar
  9. 1.
    Bargar WL, Cracchiolo III, A, Amstutz HC (1980) Results with the constrained total knee prosthesis in treating severely disabled patients and patients with failed total knee replacements. J Bone Joint Surg 62 A: 504–512.Google Scholar
  10. 2.
    Beight JL, Yao B, Hozack WJ, Hearn SL, Booth RE Jr (1994) The patellar “Clunk” syndrome after posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop 299: 139–142.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 3.
    Chen F, Krackow KA (1994) Management of tibial defects in total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop 305: 249–257.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 4.
    DeBurge A,Guepar (1976) Guepar hinge prosthesis; com-plications and results with 2 years follow-up. Clin Orthop 120: 47–53.Google Scholar
  13. 5.
    Dennis DA, Komistek RD,Stiehl JB, Walker SA, Dennis KN (1998) Range of motion after total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 13: 748–752.Google Scholar
  14. 6.
    Donaldson YVF, Sculco TP, Insall JN, Ranawat CS (1988) Total condylar III knee prosthesis. Long term follow-up study. Clin Orthop 226: 21–28.Google Scholar
  15. 7.
    Engh GA, Herzwurm PI, Parks NL (1997) Treatment of major defects of bone with bulk allografts and stemmed components during total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg 79 A: 1030–1039.Google Scholar
  16. 8.
    Haas SB, Insall JN, Montgomery W 3rd, Windsor RF. (1995) Revision total knee arthroplasty with use of modular components with stems inserted without cement. J Bone Joint Surg Am 77 A(11): 1700–1707.Google Scholar
  17. 9.
    Hirsh HS,Lotke PA, Morrison LD (1994) The posterior cruciate ligament in total knee surgery. Clin Orthop 309: 64Google Scholar
  18. 10.
    Hossain S, Ayeko C, Anwar M,Elsworth CF, McGee H (2001) Dislocation of Insall-Burstein II modified total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 16: 233–235.Google Scholar
  19. 11.
    Hozack WJ, Rothman RH, Booth RE Jr. (1989) The patellar clunk syndrome: A complication of posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop 241: 203–208.Google Scholar
  20. 12.
    Hui FS, Fitzgerald RH Jr (1980) Hinged total knee arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg 62 A: 513–519.Google Scholar
  21. 13.
    Lim LA,Trousdale RT, Berry DJ,Hanssen AD (2001) Failure of the stem-condyle junction of a modular femoral stem in revision total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 16: 128–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 14.
    Lombardi AV Jr, Mallory TH, Vaughn BK, Krugel R, Honkala TK,Sorscher M, Kolczun M (1993) Dislocation following primary posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 8 (6): 633–639.Google Scholar
  23. 15.
    Lombardi AV Jr, Mallory TH, Waterman RA, Fberle RW (1995) Intercondylar distal femoral fracture. An unreported complication of posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 10 (5): 643 - 650PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 16.
    Lucas TS, DeLuca PF, Nazarian DG, Bartolozzi AR, Booth Jr, RE (1999) Arthroscopic treatment of patellar clunk. Clin Orthop 367: 226–229.Google Scholar
  25. 17.
    Murray PB, Rand]A, Hanssen AD (1994) Cemented long-stem revision total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop 309: 116–123.Google Scholar
  26. 18.
    Puloski SK, McCalden RW, MacDonald SJ, Rorabeck CH, Bourne RB (2001) Tibial post wear in posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty. An inrecognized source of polyethylene debris. J Bone Joint Surg 83 A: 390–394.Google Scholar
  27. 19.
    Rand JA (1991) Revision total knee arthroplasty using the total condylar III prosthesis. J Arthroplasty 6: 279PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 20.
    Rosenberg AG, Verner JJ,Galante JO (1991) Clinical results of total knee revision using the Total Condylar III prosthesis. Clin Orthop 273: 83–90.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Kilgus
  • B. D. Haas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations