What Kind of Civil Service? Trends in Public Administration Reform in Eastern Europe
Transition economies find themselves in the curious situation of having too much and too little bureaucracy at the same time. On one hand they have inherited the legacy of the enormous patronage-based bureaucratic apparatus of their communist past. On the other hand there is an acute shortage of bureaucracy in its original positive meaning: a modern civil service, which is professional, independent of political parties, transparent, impartial, responsible and accountable for design and implementation of state policy. Whereas governments may change frequently, career civil servants remain, accumulate experience and skills, and guarantee continuity of the state. To establish such effective and responsible civil service is one of the main tasks of public administration reform.
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