Ozone Responses of Trees: Results from Controlled Chamber Exposures at the GSF Phytotron

  • C. Langebartels
  • D. Ernst
  • W. Heller
  • C. Lütz
  • H.-D. Payer
  • H. SandermannJr.
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 127)


Tree damage in the field is judged primarily by visual inspection (Forschungsbeirat Waldschäden 1989; Chappelka and Chevone 1992) using needle and leaf discoloration, premature abscission and crown transparency as the principle and rather nonspecific symptoms. A diagnostic field guide is available for distinguishing “novel” decline symptoms from known mineral deficiencies and frost or insect damage (Hartmann et al. 1988).


Ethylene Biosynthesis Picea Abies European Beech Closed Chamber Forest Decline 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Langebartels
  • D. Ernst
  • W. Heller
  • C. Lütz
  • H.-D. Payer
  • H. SandermannJr.

There are no affiliations available

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