Trade Potentials in Northern Europe and Consequences for Traffic Flows

  • Stefan Callsen


The opening up of Eastern Europe and the Northern enlargement of the European Union have entirely changed the economic conditions of northern Europe. Nowhere else in Europe are the discrepancies between the former centrally planned economies and the industrialised countries in such close geographical proximity as in northern Europe and around the Baltic Sea. The differences in income between the still declining Russia and the fairly poor Baltic states, on the one hand, and Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany as the countries with the highest income in Europe, on the other, are probably the biggest on the continent.


Foreign Trade Trade Volume Trade Flow Optimistic Scenario Baltic State 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

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  • Stefan Callsen

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