Advertisement

Cross-Border Co-operation after World War II

  • Viktor Frhr von Malchus
Chapter

Abstract

Borders may be natural occurrences or the result of human activities, in which case they are historically explicable spatial structures. From the patchwork of historical regions of the 18th and 19th century, nation states were developed in the 19th and 20th century. Due to wars, borders were drawn between the nation states which separated many historical European regions and led to the phenomenon of peripheral location: settlement, economy and transport facilities became less developed in border regions than in the nation state centres. Particularly in the first half of this century, border regions were usually structurally underdeveloped areas which, for military reasons, were also insufficiently developed with regard to roads and rail connections (von Malchus 1975).

Keywords

Regional Development Regional Policy Border Region Operational Programme European Parliament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AEBR — Association of European Border Regions (ed.) (1981/1995). European Charter of Border and Cross-Border Regions, of 20 November 1981 (amended on I December 1995 in Szczecin).Google Scholar
  2. AEBR — Association of European Border Regions (ed.) (1995). LACE GUIDE: Practical Guide to Cross-Border Cooperation. Brussels. (Revised edition published as EU document in spring 1997 ).Google Scholar
  3. AEBR —Association of European Border Regions (ed.) (1996). 25 Years of joint Activities. Gronau, Basle.Google Scholar
  4. AEBR — Association of European Border Regions (N.a). ‘Initial Thoughts on the Future Design of Cross-Border Cooperation After 1999.’ Manuscript.Google Scholar
  5. Becker-Christensen, H. and Buchwald, H. v. (1977). Grœnse-Kommunalt Samarbejde i Norden. Aabenraa, Institut for Grænseregionsforskning.Google Scholar
  6. Cranfield, M. and Luechese, A. (eds.) (1996). Cross-Border and Inter-Regional Co-operation in the European Union.: Summary. Luxembourg, European Parliament-Directorate General for Science (drafted by the Association of European Border Regions).Google Scholar
  7. European Commission (ed.) (1994). Europe 2000+. Brussels, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  8. European Commission (1995). ‘Guideline on Innovative Measures for Regional Development (Article 10 of the ERDF Regulations) 1995–1999.’ Brussels, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  9. European Commission (1996). ‘Communication to Member Countries on the Guidelines for Operational Programmes to be Implemented within the Framework of the Joint Initiative, INTERREG, for Trans-National Cooperation in the Field of Regional Development (INTERREG II C) of 8 May 1996.’ Brussels.Google Scholar
  10. Johannson, M. (1991). Pages 9–22 in Nordic Council of Ministers (ed.). Nordic Regions and Transfrontier Cooperation. Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  11. Klein, R. (1995). ‘Cross-Border Cooperation with regard to Regional Policy and within the Framework of INTERREG and PHARE,’ EUREG: 2, pages 48–52.Google Scholar
  12. Malchus, V. Frhr. v. (1975). Partnership on European Borders. Bonn.Google Scholar
  13. Malchus, V. Frhr. v. (1986). ‘Summary and Perspectives of the Institutional Development of Cross-Border Cooperation,’ pages 23–94 in 3rd European Conference of Border Regions. Dortmund, ILS-Schriftenreihe, Vol. 0.032 (special publication in English, French and German).Google Scholar
  14. Malchus, V. Frhr. v. (1995). Article, pages 437–443 in Cross-Border Regional Development: Concise Dictionary of Regional Development. Hannover, Akademie für Raumforschung und Raumordnung (ARL).Google Scholar
  15. Nordic Council/Nordic Council of Ministers (ed.) (1989). ‘Nordiskt gränsregionalt samarbete,’ Fakta om nordiskt samarbete: 9.Google Scholar
  16. Ramfelt, L. and Nilsson, H.R. (1996). Gränsregionalt samarbete i Norden. NordREFO Working Papers 1996:5. Copenhagen.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viktor Frhr von Malchus

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations