Morus Species (Mulberry): In Vitro Culture, Micropropagation, and the Formation of Mulberrofuran, Kuwanol, and Other Secondary Metabolites

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
  • J. Ivanička
  • S. Ueda
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 41)


The genus Morus (family Moraceae) covers the numerous mulberry species grown and cultured in various continents, mainly in Asia and Europe. Koidzumi (1923) described 37 species, of which some common ones are given in Table 1. The typical representative of diploid species (2n=28) is Morus alba (white mulberry), which has long been cultivated in China, Korea, and Japan for feeding silkworm (Bombyx mori L.). Cultivation of mulberry trees is especially popular in the Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Sichuan districts in China (Hotta 1951; Hotta et al. 1989). Another useful species, Morus nigra (black mulberry), is a polyploid with 308 or 330 chromosomes (Agaev 1984).


Callus Tissue Synthetic Seed Root Bark Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult Mulberry Leave 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. P. S. Bajaj
    • 1
  • J. Ivanička
    • 2
  • S. Ueda
    • 3
  1. 1.A-137 New Friends ColonyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Centre of Development of HorticulturePrievidzaSlovakia
  3. 3.Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesKyoto UniversitySakyo-ku, KyotoSlovakia

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