Intense Sub-10-fs Laser Pulses: Pushing the Frontiers of Nonlinear Optics

  • Matthias Lenzner
  • Matthias Schnürer
  • Christian Spielmann
  • Ferenc Krausz
Part of the Springer Series in Photonics book series (PHOTONICS, volume 2)

Abstract

Minor-dispersion controlled (MDC) Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillators are now able to produce high-quality sub-l0-fs optical pulses up to peak powers of 1 MW. The availability of ultra-broadband pulses centered at ≈790 nm from MDC Ti:sapphire laser systems allows 0.1-TW-scale 20-fs pulse generation from a compact 1-kHz-rate amplifier system. The high-power 20-fs pulses can be compressed below 5 fs using novel techniques for self-phase modulation and dispersive chirp compensation. The resultant high-power light pulses comprising less than two oscillation cycles within their intensity-FWHM open up new possibilities in strong-field physics including the study of reversible nonlinear optical processes in solids beyond the 1014 W/сm2 intensity level and coherent X-ray generation in the water window (2.3-4.4 nm) using a table-top laser system.

Keywords

Titanium Nickel Attenuation Argon Helium 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Lenzner
    • 1
  • Matthias Schnürer
    • 1
  • Christian Spielmann
    • 1
  • Ferenc Krausz
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Quantum Electronics and Laser TechnologyVienna University of TechnologyWienAustria

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