Symmetry Groups and Their Physical Meaning — General Considerations

  • Walter Greiner
  • Berndt Müller


In this chapter we again ask the question of what can be learned about a physical system by considering its symmetry properties. The answer to this question was given in 1918 by E. Noether within the framework of variational calculations1. We will restrict ourselves, however, to special cases which are of interest in context with the problems discussed in this book 2. Some facts encountered in this chapter are already well known to us, but this time they will be discussed at a more advanced level.


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  1. 1.
    E. Noether: Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, Math.-Phys. Kl. 235 (1918), cf. also Example 1.3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For a discussion of the general theorem, see Vol. 4 in this series: W. Greiner, J. Reinhardt: Quantum Electrodynamics (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg) to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Greiner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Berndt Müller
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikJohann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Frankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Physics DepartmentDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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