The Violent Sun

  • Kenneth R. Lang


Without warning, the relatively calm solar atmosphere can be torn asunder by sudden outbursts of a scale unknown on Earth. Catas-trophic events of incredible energy can produce transient brightenings, called solar flares, that flood the solar system with intense radiation from X-rays to radio waves. The powerful flares are easily observed at these invisible wavelengths, where they briefly dominate the Sun’s output and sometimes outshine all other astronomical sources (Fig. 7.1).


Coronal Mass Ejection Solar Flare Magnetic Energy Magnetic Reconnection Magnetic Field Line 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth R. Lang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Astronomy Robinson HallTufts UniversityMedfordUSA

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