Design of Driving Environment, Driving Behavior, and Traffic Safety
The primal causes of traffic accidents are due to drive error such as insufficient watching or poor driving technique, however it is also a fact that there exists a safer driving environment where drivers make fewer mistakes and/or the drivers’ mistakes do not necessarily cause accidents. Drivers operate their cars by watching their surrounding conditions and processing information continually. If we call such surrounding conditions the “driving environment”, then prevention measures for traffic accidents can be understood as the actions that form a safer driving environment. In this environment it is important to clarify the relationship between the driving environment and the level of traffic safety. Effective traffic safety measures can be launched when we grasped the process of how the change of traffic environment affects the safety level of traffic.
KeywordsDesign Variable Traffic Flow Traffic Accident Traffic Safety Driving Environment
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