Design of Driving Environment, Driving Behavior, and Traffic Safety

  • Hideyuki Kita
Conference paper


The primal causes of traffic accidents are due to drive error such as insufficient watching or poor driving technique, however it is also a fact that there exists a safer driving environment where drivers make fewer mistakes and/or the drivers’ mistakes do not necessarily cause accidents. Drivers operate their cars by watching their surrounding conditions and processing information continually. If we call such surrounding conditions the “driving environment”, then prevention measures for traffic accidents can be understood as the actions that form a safer driving environment. In this environment it is important to clarify the relationship between the driving environment and the level of traffic safety. Effective traffic safety measures can be launched when we grasped the process of how the change of traffic environment affects the safety level of traffic.


Design Variable Traffic Flow Traffic Accident Traffic Safety Driving Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Asmussen E. (ed.) International Calibration Study of Traffic Conflict Technique, Springer-Verlag. 1984.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gilbertson J. May A. Traffic Accident Surveillance and Analysis System and the Investigation of High Accident Locations, UCB-ITS-WP-91–1, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California at Berkeley. 1991.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hauer E. Observational Before After Studies in Road Safety, Elsevier. 1997.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Iwasaki M, A Traffic Accident Analysis at Merging/Diverging Sections of the Metropolitan Expressway in Japan, Proc. of Infrastructure Planning, JSCE, No.15, pp.311–316. 1992.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kita H. Effects of Merging Lane Length on the Merging Behavior at Expressway On-Ramps, in Daganzo, C. (ed.), Transportation and Traffic Theory, Elsevier, pp.37–51. 1993.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leutzbach W. Introduction to the theory of Traffic Flow, Springer-Verlag, pp.131–135. 1988.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    van der Holst ARA, Brown GR. Time-to-Collision and Driver Decision-Making in Braking, TNO-report IZF 1989 c-23, Institute of Perception, TNO. 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideyuki Kita
    • 1
  1. 1.Tottori UniversityJapan

Personalised recommendations