Skip to main content

The Normal Spleen on Different Imaging Modalities

  • Chapter
Medical Imaging of the Spleen

Part of the book series: Medical Radiology ((Med Radiol Diagn Imaging))

  • 247 Accesses

Abstract

This chapter discusses the appearance of the normal spleen on various imaging modalities, including plain films, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography. A brief review of the normal appearance of the fetal and pediatric spleens is also included.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

eBook
USD 9.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 54.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Abrams HL, Meyerovitz MF (1997) Splenic arteriography. In: Baum (ed) Abrams’ angiography, 4th edn. Little Brown and Company, Boston, pp 1457–1495

    Google Scholar 

  • Aoki S, Hata T, Kitao M (1992) Ultrasonographic assessment of fetal and neonatal spleen. Am J Perinatol 9:361–367

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ball WS, Wicks JD, Mettler FA (1980) Prone-supine change in organ position. AJR Am J Roentgenol 135:815–820

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Brogdon BG, Cros NE (1959) Observations on the normal spleen. Radiology 72:412–414

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dachman A, Friedman A (1993) Radiology of the spleen. Mosby, St Louis, pp 1–38

    Google Scholar 

  • Dodds WJ, Taylor AJ, Erickson SJ, et al. (1990) Radiologic imaging of splenic anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol 155:805–810

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Donnelly LF, Emery KH, Bove KE, et al. (1996) Normal changes in the MR appearance of the spleen during early childhood. AJR Am J Roentgenol 166:635–639

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Frank K, Linhart P, Kortsik C, et al. (1986) Sonographic determination of spleen size: normal dimensions in adults with a healthy spleen. Ultraschall Med 7:134–137

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Glazer GM, Axel L, Goldberg HI, et al. (1981) Dynamic CT of the normal spleen. AJR Am J Roentgenol 137:343–346

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Goodman LR, Aprahamian C (1990) Changes in splenic size after abdominal trauma. Radiology 176:629–632

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Heiken JP, Brink JA, Vannier MW (1993) Spiral (helical) CT. Radiology 189:647–656

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ishibashi H, Higuchi N, Shimamura R, et al. (1991) Sonographic assessment and grading of spleen size. J Clin Ultrasound 19:21–25

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ito K, Mitchell DG, Honjo K, et al. (1996) Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging of the spleen: artifacts and pitfalls. AJR Am J Roentgenol 167:1147–1157

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Koga T, Morikawa Y (1975) Ultrasonographic determination of the splenic size and its clinical usefulness in various liver diseases. Radiology 115:157–161

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Konus ÖL, Özdemir A, Akkaya A, et al. (1998) Normal liver, spleen, and kidney dimensions in neonates, infants, and children: evaluation with sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 171:1693–1698

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lackner K, Brecht G, Janson R, et al. (1980) Wertigkeit. Computer tomographie bei der Stradieneinteilung primärer Lymphknotenneoplasien. ROFO Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Nuklearmed 132:21–30

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Loftus WK, Metreweli C (1998) Ultrasound assessment of mild splenomegaly: spleen/kidney ratio. Pediatr Radiol 28:98–100

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mathieson JR, Cooperberg PL (1998) The spleen. In: Rumack CM, Wilson SR, Charboneau JW (eds) Diagnostic ultrasound, 2nd edn. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 155–174

    Google Scholar 

  • Messinezy M, Macdonald LM, Nunan TO, et al. (1997) Spleen sizing by ultrasound in polycythaemia and thrombocythaemia: comparison with SPECT. Br J Haematol 98:103–107

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Michels NA (1942) The variational anatomy of the spleen and splenic artery. Am J Anat 70:21

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Miles KA, McPherson SJ, Hayball MP (1995) Transient splenic inhomogeneity with contrast-enhanced CT: mechanism and effect of liver disease. Radiology 194:91–95

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mirowitz SA, Brown JJ, Lee JK, et al. (1991) Dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging of the spleen: normal enhancement patterns and evaluation of splenic lesions. Radiology 179:681–686

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mittelstaedt CA (1987) In: Mittelstaedt CA (ed) Abdominal ultrasound. Churchhill Livingstone, New York, pp 565–

    Google Scholar 

  • Prassopoulos P, Daskalogiannaki M, Raissaki M, et al. (1997) Determination of normal splenic volume on computed tomography in relation to age, gender, and body habitus. Eur Radiol 7:246–248

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rabushka LS, Kawashima A, Fishman EK (1994) Imaging of the spleen: CT with supplemental MR examination. Radiographics 14:307–332

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Reuter SR, Redman HC, Cho K (1986) In: Gastrointestinal angiography, 3rd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 40–43

    Google Scholar 

  • Rodrigues AJ Jr, Rodrigues CJ, Germano MA, et al. (1995) Sonographic assessment of normal spleen volume. Clin Anat 8:252–255

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rosenberg HK, Markowitz RI, Kolberg H, et al. (1991) Normal splenic size in infants and children: sonographic measurements. AJR Am J Roentgenol 157:119–121

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Schlesinger AE, Edgar KA, Boxer LA (1993) Volume of the spleen in children as measured on CT scans: normal standards as function of body weight. AJR Am J Roentgenol 160:1107–1109

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Semelka RC, Shoenut JP, Lawrence PH, et al. (1992) Spleen: dynamic enhancement patterns on gradient-echo MR images enhanced with gadopentetate dimeglumine. Radiology 185:479–482

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shirkhoda A, Konez O, Shetty AN, et al. (1998) Contrastenhanced MR angiography of the mesenteric circulation: a pictorial essay. Radiographics 18:851–861

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Strijk SP, Wagener DJ, Bogman MJ, et al. (1985) The spleen in Hodgkin disease: diagnostic value of CT. Radiology 154:753–757

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Vibhakar SD, Bellon EM (1984) The bare area of the spleen: a constant CT feature of the ascitic abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol 142:953–955

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Weissleder R, Hahn PF, Stark DD, et al. (1988) Super-paramagnetic iron oxide: enhanced detection of focal splenic tumors with MR imaging. Radiology 169:399–403

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Whitley JE, Maynard CD, Rhyne AL (1966) A computer approach to the prediction of spleen weight from routine films. Radiology 86:73–76

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2000 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Falbo, S.E., Jafri, Z.H. (2000). The Normal Spleen on Different Imaging Modalities. In: De Schepper, A.M., Vanhoenacker, F. (eds) Medical Imaging of the Spleen. Medical Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57045-2_2

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57045-2_2

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-62997-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-57045-2

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive

Publish with us

Policies and ethics