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Tumoral Pathology of the Spleen

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Medical Imaging of the Spleen

Part of the book series: Medical Radiology ((Med Radiol Diagn Imaging))

Abstract

The spleen can be either primarily or secondarily involved with neoplasia. However, compared with other abdominal organs, primary tumoral anomalies of the spleen are relatively uncommon. Both benign and malignant primary neoplastic involvement of the spleen have been described, although the malignant causes are considered to be more frequent, with lymphoma being the most common primary splenic malignant tumor (Taylor et al. 1991). Of nonlymphoid primary neoplastic lesions, those of vascular origin constitute the majority, with hemangiomas and angiosarcomas being the tumors most frequently encountered (Ferrozzi et al. 1996). Other, more uncommon primary lesions encountered in the spleen include benign entities, such as cyst, lymphangioma, hamartoma and, less commonly, lesions with variable biologic behavior, such as hemangiopericytoma, epithelioid vascular tumor and littoral cell angioma. Far more commonly, however, the spleen will be secondarily involved by metastatic disease.

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Mortelé, K.J., Mergo, P.J., Kunnen, M., Ros, P.R. (2000). Tumoral Pathology of the Spleen. In: De Schepper, A.M., Vanhoenacker, F. (eds) Medical Imaging of the Spleen. Medical Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57045-2_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-57045-2_10

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