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Modification of Oilseed Quality by Genetic Transformation

  • Steffen Weber
  • Karim Zarhloul
  • Wolfgang Friedt
Part of the Progress in Botany book series (BOTANY, volume 62)

Abstract

Oil crops, like oilseed rape and sunflower, are important sources of energy, both for human consumption and for feeding livestock. They are also raw materials for a wide range of industrial products for many non-edible purposes. Modification of the fatty-acid composition to make oil crops more competitive in various segments of the food and industrial oil markets has recently been an important objective of molecular genetics and plant breeding. Consequently, one of the most important objectives of oilseed breeding is the genetic modification of seed storage oil by maximizing the proportion of specific or functional fatty acids in order to obtain tailor-made raw materials suitable for various industrial purposes. However, the quality of vegetable food products has acquired an increased relevance for human nutrition with the advent of so-called functional food. Regarding the specific properties of such nutritives, genetic engineering has the ability to adapt plant storage lipids to meet specific nutritional and even therapeutic requirements.

Keywords

Somatic Embryogenesis Genetic Transformation Oilseed Rape Erucic Acid Helianthus Annuus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steffen Weber
    • 1
  • Karim Zarhloul
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Friedt
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pflanzenbau und PflanzenzüchtungIFZGiessenGermany

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