Historical Background

  • D. Bergfeld
  • C. W. Hanke


Tumescent local anesthesia (TLA) was developed by the dermatologist and pharmacologist Jeffrey A. Klein, associate professor at the Department of Dermatology of the University of California in Irvine, California. He first described this method of local anesthesia, originally intended to facilitate fat suction in cosmetic surgery, in the January edition of the Journal of Cosmetic Surgery in 1987 [17].


Cosmetic Surgery Axillary Hyperhidrosis Dermatologic Surgery Tumescent Anesthesia Tumescent Solution 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Bergfeld
  • C. W. Hanke

There are no affiliations available

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