Abdominal AIDS Imaging: Hepatic, Splenic, Biliary, and Pancreatic Manifestations

  • Richard M. Gore
  • Frank H. Miller
  • Vahid Yaghmai
  • Jonathan W. Berlin
  • Geraldine M. Newmark
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The liver, spleen, pancreas, and biliary tract are commonly affected by opportunistic infections, malignancy, and inflammatory disorders during the course of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection (Table 9.1). Clinical manifestations of involvement of these organs are protean and usually nonspecific, but it is important to establish a specific diagnosis promptly in these often critically ill patients (Tshibwabwa et al. 2000). Because of the limitations of physical and laboratory examinations, cross-sectional imaging studies are often obtained to clarify the clinical situation (DeToma et al. 1999; Wu et al. 1998). This chapter reviews the imaging spectrum of HIV-associated hepatosplenic and pancreaticobiliary disease.
Table 9.1

Hepatic splenic, biliary, and pancreatic disease associated with HIV infection






M. tuberculosis

M. avium intracellulan complex

M. xenopi



Hepatitis B, C, and D


















Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Kaposi’s sarcoma

Metastatic cancer of anal canal















Human Immune Deficiency Virus Acalculous Cholecystitis Peliosis Hepatis Intravenous Drug Abuser Human Immune Deficiency Virus Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard M. Gore
    • 1
  • Frank H. Miller
    • 2
  • Vahid Yaghmai
    • 1
  • Jonathan W. Berlin
    • 1
  • Geraldine M. Newmark
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyEvanston Northwestern HealthcareEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Northwestern Memorial HospitalNorthwestern University Medical SchoolChicagoUSA

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