Advertisement

HIV Transmission Prevention for Health Care Workers

  • John R. Mathieson
  • Eric van Sonnenberg
  • Jacques W. A. J. Reeders
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

The impact of AIDS has included a fundamental reappraisal of methods of disease transmission, and the type of risks posed not only to health care professionals, but also to the public seeking medical care.

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Health Care Worker Human Immune Deficiency Virus Percutaneous Cholecystostomy Universal Precaution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous (1992) Surveillance for occupationally acquired HIV infection — United States, 1981–1992. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1992; 41:823–825Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous (1993) Update: investigations of persons treated by HIV-infected health-care workers — United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 42:329–331, 337Google Scholar
  3. Appeals court upholds firing of HIV-positive physician (1995) Bull Infect Hosp Epidemiol 16: 492Google Scholar
  4. Bird AG, Gore SM, Leigh-Brown AJ, et al. (1991) Escape from collective denial: HIV transmission during surgery. Br Med J 303:351–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cardo DM, Srivastava PU, Ciesielski C, et al. (1995) Case-control of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposures to HIV-infected blood. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 16:536Google Scholar
  6. Castro KG, Dooley SW (1993) Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission in healthcare settings: is it influenced by coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 14:65–66PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Centers for Disease Control (1987) Update: human immunodeficiency virus in health-care workers exposed to blood of infected patients. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 36:285–289Google Scholar
  8. Centers for Disease Control (1988) Update: universal precautions for prevention of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and other bloodborne pathogens in health care settings. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 37:377–382, 387–388Google Scholar
  9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1991) Nosocomial transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among HIV infected persons — Florida and New York, 1988–1991. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 40:585–591Google Scholar
  10. Chamberland ME, Conley LJ, Bush TJ, et al. (1991) Health care workers with AIDS. National surveillance update. JAMA 266:3459–3462PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ciesielski CA, Marianos D, Ou CY, et al. (1992) Transmission human immunodeficiency virus a dental practice. Ann Intern Med 116:798–805PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cleveland JL, Kent J, Gooch BF, et al. (1995) Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in an HIV dental clinic. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 16:7–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Daley CL, Small PM, Schecter GE, et al. (1992) An outbreak of tuberculosis with accelerated progression among persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. N Engl J Med 326:231–235PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Decker MD (1992) The OSHA bloodborne hazard standard. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 13:407–417PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Di Perri G, Cadeo GP. Castelli F et al. (1993) Transmission of HIV-associated tuberculosis to healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 14:67–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dooley SW Jr, Castro KG, Hutton MD (1990) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis in health-care settings, with special focus on HIV-related issues. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 39:1–29Google Scholar
  17. Dooley SW, Villarino ME, Lawrence ME. et al. (1991) Nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis in a hospital unit for HIV-infected patients. JAMA 267:2632–2634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Edlin BH, Tokars JI, Grisco MH, et al. (1992) Nosocomial transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among hospitalized patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med 362:1514–1521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fahey BJ, Beekmann SE, Schmitt J, et al. (1993) Managing occupational exposures to HIV-1 in the healthcare workplace. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 14:405–412PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fauci AS (1988) The human immunodeficiency virus: infectivity and mechanisms of pathogenesis. Science 239:617–622PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fisch MA, Uttanchandani RB, Daikos GL, et al. (1992) An outbreak of tuberculosis caused by multiple-drug-resistant tuberculosis bacilli among patients with HIV infection. Ann Intern Med 117:177–183Google Scholar
  22. Gerberding JL (1990) Current epidemiologic evidence and case reports of occupationally acquired HIV and other bloodborne diseases. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 11:558–560PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gerberding JL, Bryant-LeBlanc CE, Nelson K, et al. (1987) Risk of transmitting the human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus, and hepatitis B virus to health care workers exposed to patients with AIDS and AIDS-related conditions. J Infect Dis 1:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gerberding JL, Littell C, Tarkington A, et al. (1990) Risk of exposure of surgical personnel to patients’ blood during surgery at San Francisco General Hospital. N Eng J Med 322:1788–1793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hamory BH (1983) Underreporting of needlestick injuries in a university hospital. Am J Infect Control 11:174–177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Heilman RS (1991) Doctors and AIDS. Double standard and double jeopardy. RadioGraphics 11:382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Henderson DK (1990a) Zeroing in on the appropriate management of occupational exposures to HIV-1. Infect Control Epidemiol 11:175–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Henderson DK (1990b) Position paper: the HIV-infected healthcare worker. The Association for Practitioners in Infection Control: The Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 11:647–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Henderson DK, Fahey BJ, Willy M, et al. (1990) Risk for occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) associated with clinical exposures. A prospective evaluation. Ann Intern Med 113:740–746PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Hersey JC, Martin LS (1994) Use of infection control guidelines by workers in healthcare facilities to prevent occupational transmission of HBV and HIV: results from a national survey. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 15:243–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hochreiter MC, Barton LL (1988) Epidermiology of needlestick injury in emergency medical service personnel. J Emerg Med 318:86–90Google Scholar
  32. Ippolito G, Petrosillo N, Puro V, et al. (1993) The risk of occupational HIV infection in health care workers: the Italian multicenter study. Ann Intern Med 153:1451–1458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kelen GD, Fritz S, Qaqish B, et al. (1988) Unrecognized human immunodeficiency virus infection in emergency department patients. N Engl J Med 318:1645–1650PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kelen GD, DiGiovanna T, Bisson L, et al. (1989) Human immunodeficiency virus infection in emergency department patients. Epidemiology, clinical presentations, and risk to health care workers: the Johns Hopkins experience. JAMA 262:516–522PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lowenfels AB, Wormser G, Jain K (1989) Frequency of puncture injuries in surgeons and estimated risk of HIV infection. Arch Surg 124:1284–1286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Marcus R, CDC Cooperative Needlestick Surveillance Group (1988) Surveillance of health care workers exposed to blood from patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. N Engl J Med 319:1118–1123PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mishu B, Schaffner W (1994) HIV transmission from surgeons and dentists to patients: can models predict the risk? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 15:114–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Quebbeman EJ, Telford GL, Hubbard S, et al. (1991) Risk of blood contamination and injury to operating room personnel. Ann Surg 214:614–620PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Schulman KA, McDonald RC, Lynn LA, et al. (1994) Screening surgeons for HIV infection: assessment of a potential public health program. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 15:146–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shelley GA, Howard KJ (1992) A national survey of surgeons’ attitudes about patients with human immunodeficiency virus infections and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Surg 127:206–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stroud LA, Tokars JI, Grieco MH, et al. (1995) Evaluation of infection control measures in preventing the nosocomial transmission of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a New York City hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 16:141–147PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wall SD, Olcott EW, Gerberding JL (1991) AIDS risk and risk reduction in the radiology department. AJR 157:911–916PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Williams DM, Marx V, Korobkin M (1988) AIDS risk and risk reduction in the radiology department. AJR 157:919–921Google Scholar
  44. Wormser GP, Joline C, Sivak SL, Arlin ZA (1988) Human immunodeficiency virus infections: considerations for health care workers. Bull N Y York Acad Med 64:203–215Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Mathieson
    • 1
  • Eric van Sonnenberg
    • 2
  • Jacques W. A. J. Reeders
    • 3
  1. 1.928 Island RoadVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyDana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologySt. Elisabeth Hospital WillemstadCuraçaoNetherlands Antilles

Personalised recommendations