Assessing Clinical Efficacy of Acupuncture: Considerations for Designing Future Acupuncture Trials

  • L. Lao
  • J. Ezzo
  • B. M. Berman
  • R. Hammerschlag


The recent interest in acupuncture has led to an unprecedented amount of research funding in this area. This chapter presents a systematic, stepwise approach to research. It proposes investigating the efficacy of acupuncture by adapting the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approach to clinical trials (Table 1). Two examples, one for chronic osteoarthritic (OA) pain [1, 2] and one for acute postextraction dental pain [1, 3, 1, 5] are used to demonstrate how this method can be applied to acupuncture research. The final section discusses ways to integrate Western medicine more closely with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in research.


Traditional Chinese Medicine Acupuncture Treatment Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Sham Acupuncture Diffuse Noxious Inhibitory Control 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Lao
  • J. Ezzo
  • B. M. Berman
  • R. Hammerschlag

There are no affiliations available

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